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Donor and recipient leukocytes in organ allografts of recipients with variable donor-specific tolerance: With particular reference to chronic rejection

Ichikawa, N and Demetris, AJ and Starzl, TE and Ye, Q and Okuda, T and Chun, HJ and Liu, K and Kim, YM and Murase, N (2000) Donor and recipient leukocytes in organ allografts of recipients with variable donor-specific tolerance: With particular reference to chronic rejection. Liver Transplantation, 6 (6). 686 - 702. ISSN 1527-6465

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Abstract

We have attributed organ engraftment to clonal exhaustion-deletion of host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host reactions that are reciprocally induced and governed by migratory donor and recipient leukocytes. The so-called donor passenger leukocytes that migrate from the allograft into the recipients have been thoroughly studied (chimerism), but not the donor leukocytes that remain in, or return to, the transplanted organ. Therefore, using flow cytometry we determined the percentage and lineages of donor leukocytes in cell suspensions prepared from Lewis (LEW) cardiac allografts to 100 days posttransplantation. The LEW hearts were transplanted to naive untreated Brown Norway (BN) recipients (group 2), to naive BN recipients treated with a 28-day or continuous course of tacrolimus (TAC) (groups 3 and 4), and to drug-free BN recipients pretolerized by earlier bone marrow cell (BMC) or orthotopic LEW liver transplantation (groups 5 and 6). The findings in the heart cell suspensions were correlated with the results from parallel histopathologic-immunocytochemical studies and other studies of the grafts and of host tissues. Although the LEW heart allografts were rejected in 9.6 days by the unmodified recipients of group 2, all beat for 100 days in the recipients of groups 3 through 6. Nevertheless, all of the long-surviving cardiac allografts (but not the isografts in group 1) were the targets of an immune reaction at 5 days, reflected by dramatic increases in the ratio of leukocytes to nonleukocyte nucleated cells from normal values of 1:5-1:6 to 1:1-5:1 and by manifold other evidence of a major inflammatory event. The acute changes returned to baseline by 100 days in the chronic rejection (CR) free hearts of groups 4 and 6, but not in the CR-afflicted hearts of short-course TAC group 3 or the less-severely damaged hearts of the BMC-prime group 5. The freedom from CR in groups 4 and 6 was associated with a large donor contribution to the intracardiac leukocyte population at 5 days (28.6% and 22% in the respective groups) and at 100 days (30.5% in group 4 and 8.4% in group 6) compared with 2% and 1.2% at 100 days in the CR-blighted allografts of the partially tolerant animals of groups 3 and 5. Whether large or small, the donor leukocyte fraction always included a subset of class II leukocytes that had histopathologic features of dendritic cells. These class II + cells were of mixed myeloid (CD11-b/c + ) and lymphoid lineages; their migration was markedly inhibited by TAC and accelerated by donor-specific priming and TAC discontinuance. Although a large donor leukocyte population and a normal leukocyte/nonleukocyte cell ratio were associated with freedom from CR, these findings and the lineage profile of the intracardiac leukocytes were not associated with tolerance in the animals of groups 3 and 4 under active TAC treatment. The findings in this study, singly and in their entirety, are compatible with our previously proposed leukocyte migration-localization paradigm of organ allograft acceptance and tolerance.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ichikawa, N
Demetris, AJ
Starzl, TEtes11@pitt.eduTES11
Ye, Q
Okuda, T
Chun, HJ
Liu, K
Kim, YM
Murase, N
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute
Date: 1 January 2000
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Liver Transplantation
Volume: 6
Number: 6
Page Range: 686 - 702
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1053/jlts.2000.19029
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1527-6465
Other ID: uls-drl:31735062120443, Starzl CV No. 2132
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2010 17:36
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2017 22:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/5518

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