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Religion, Spirituality, Corruption and Development: Causal Links and Relationships

Leaman, James M (2009) Religion, Spirituality, Corruption and Development: Causal Links and Relationships. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Public sector corruption plays an important role in a nation's development, and many low income countries (LICs) suffer chronic bureaucratic corruption. While there have been numerous studies addressing both the causes and consequences of corruption, the full range of causes remains unexplored, and consequences are becoming understood in new light with fresh data and expanded linkages. Specifically, the impact of religion and spirituality on public sector corruption had not previously been adequately researched and documented, and tracing the role of corruption on living standards through business starts data provides a novel perspective on this link. This dissertation is a macro-level, global study of public sector corruption, analyzing the impact of religion and spirituality on public sector corruption, and subsequently on living standards. Essentially this is a study of ethics in public service, reviewed through the lens of one ancient concept (religion) and an emerging new construct (spirituality). The primary conclusions and contributions of this dissertation are that: (1) religion has a direct - and moderate - causal impact on corruption, (2) spirituality has an inverse - but weak - causal impact on corruption and (3) public sector corruption has an inverse - and strong - causal impact on business starts, economic growth and living standards. All three of these primary findings have social, political, and economic policy implications.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Leaman, James Mjml19@pitt.eduJML19
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairPicard, Louis A.picard@pitt.eduPICARD
Committee MemberThemudo, Nuno D.S.themudo@pitt.eduTHEMUDO
Committee MemberNelson, Paul J.pjnelson@pitt.eduPJNELSON
Committee MemberYoder, Richard
Date: 26 June 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 10 December 2008
Approval Date: 26 June 2009
Submission Date: 17 January 2009
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public and International Affairs > Public and International Affairs
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: bribery; causes of corruption; consequenses of corruption; Doing Business; GDP per capita; governance; poverty; religious expression; spiritual expression; standards of living; World Values Survey
Other ID:, etd-01172009-165745
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:31
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:36


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