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Adsorption and Interfacial Properties of Fluids from Molecular Simulation

Zhao, Xiongce (2004) Adsorption and Interfacial Properties of Fluids from Molecular Simulation. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The objective of this research is to provide molecular-level insight on the adsorption andinterfacial properties of fluids. Molecular simulation is the tool used to perform this work. The adsorption of polar and nonpolar molecules on carbonaceous adsorbents and metal surface is studied by using existing simulation techniques and new techniques developed by ourselves.The interfacial properties of quantum liquid mixtures are investigated using path integral simulations. The physical behavior of a DNA segment interacting with a novel adsorbent, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), in aqueous environment is studied by molecular dynamics simulations.We have simulated the adsorption of propane on graphite surface. We obtain good agreement between simulations and experiments on both the isotherms and isosteric heat of adsorption. We haveinvestigated five different propane potential models. We found that the fluid-fluid potential plays a significant role in determining the location of the 1-2 layering transition.We identified an orientational ordering transition for propane in the monolayer. In order to studythe polar molecules adsorbed on graphite, we have developedpotential models including the graphite quadrupole and induction interaction between a polar molecule and the graphite surface. Wehave performed simulations of acetone adsorption on graphite to investigate the layering transitions, geometry, and coverageof acetone in the first, second and third layers. The simulation results agree well with the experimental observations. We have studied the structure of second layer physisorbed carbon monoxide on the Ag(110) metal surface. Both simulation and experiment found that the second layer CO molecules form orientationally ordered structures, with CO bond angles tilting at 45 degrees to the surface normal and azimuthal angles tilting in multiples of 45 degrees to the principal azimuth axis. From the simulation, we conclude that redistribution of charges within the first layer of CO on silver accommodate the formation of ordered second layer CO structures.We have performed parallel hybrid path integral Monte Carlo to study the interfacial properties of pure and mixture quantum liquids. We calculated the surface tension of pure liquid H2,pure liquid D2, and H2/D2 mixtures. The surface tension of pure fluids we calculated from simulations agree well with the experimentaldata. We observed interfacial segregation in the H2/D2 mixtures with H2 migrating to the surface. The H2/D2 mixture therefore exhibits negativedeviations from ideal solution behavior. We studied the adsorption of a DNA segment with12 base pairs on a (8,8) single walled carbon nanotube using the AMBER MD simulation software package. We found that the DNA adsorbs onto the wall of a regular SWNT or a positively charged SWNT, with a time scale of 100 pico-seconds. When the DNA is uncharged the end of the DNA molecule binds to the SWNT surface. DNA binds with its axis nearly parallel to a positively charged SWNT. The angle between the DNA and SWNT axes isabout 20-30 degrees. In contrast, DNA does not bind to negatively charged SWNTs, because of the net negative charge on DNA. We found that the adsorption process does not affect greatly thestructures of the DNA. However, the adsorption on a regular SWNT delays the A-form to B-form conversion for an A-DNA.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairJohnson, J.
Committee MemberMcCarthy, Joseph
Committee MemberJordan, Kenneth D.ken@visual1.chem.pitt.eduJORDAN
Committee MemberEnick, Robert M.enick@engr.pitt.eduRME
Date: 11 March 2004
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 6 January 2004
Approval Date: 11 March 2004
Submission Date: 26 January 2004
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption; DNA; Fluid; Graphite; Interface; Molecular Dynamics; Monte Carlo; Simulation; SWNT
Other ID:, etd-01262004-160518
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:31
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:36


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