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Obsidian in Northern Ecuador: A Study of Obsidian Production and Site Function in Pambamarca

Rodriguez, Erin Christine (2010) Obsidian in Northern Ecuador: A Study of Obsidian Production and Site Function in Pambamarca. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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For several years the Pambamarca Archaeology Project has been investigating a dynamic frontier in the northern Ecuadorian highlands at the edge of the País Caranqui: a confederation of small-scale, autonomous, inter-warring pre-Inkan polities whose nearly twenty year resistance to Inka conquest resulted in the largest concentration of military fortresses in the Inka Empire. In addition to its violent past, Pambamarca is located within 25km of high quality obsidian sources, making it an important region for understanding obsidian production when it is part of local, non-elite exchange. This study analyzes obsidian, non-obsidian flaked lithics, and ceramics to elucidate patterns of obsidian production and site function at five of the Pambamarca sites ranging chronologically from the Early Integration period to the early Colonial Period. Directions for future research which would better clarify these patterns are also proposed.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Rodriguez, Erin
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairDrennan, Robertdrennan@pitt.eduDRENNAN
Committee MemberGifford,
Committee MemberBermann, Marcbermarc@pitt.eduBERMARC
Committee MemberFauman Fichman, Ruthmalacate@pitt.eduMALACATE
Date: 14 May 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 12 February 2010
Approval Date: 14 May 2010
Submission Date: 19 February 2010
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Anthropology
David C. Frederick Honors College
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Andes; Archaeology; Lithic Production
Other ID:, etd-02192010-120220
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:31
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:36


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