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Intent to Receive an HPV Vaccine among University Men and Women and Implications for Vaccine Administration

Jones, Melissa Ann (2007) Intent to Receive an HPV Vaccine among University Men and Women and Implications for Vaccine Administration. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Objective: An effective human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine must be accepted by young persons in order to achieve its full public health benefits. This study examines the intention to receive an HPV vaccine among college age men and women. Methods Summary: 340 university students, 138 men and 202 women, ages 18 to 32 (mean age of 20.8) completed self-administered questionnaires. Intention was measured by asking participants how likely they would be to accept an HPV vaccine that prevented 1) all HPV, 2), cervical cancer but not genital warts, 3), warts but not cancer, or 4) both warts and cancerResults: Both men and women reported high intent to receive an HPV vaccine, though women significantly more so, 77.5% and 88.6% respectively (p < .01). Men were less willing to receive a vaccine that prevents cervical cancer in women (men can transmit HPV to their sexual partners) compared to one that prevents cervical cancer and genital warts (34.1% vs.77.5%, p < .001). Intent to receive the HPV vaccine was significantly greater among participants having more than five partners compared to those having no partners (OR = 4.4; 95% CI = 1.4, 14.4). Intent was also significantly greater among those answering two or three HPV knowledge questions correctly compared to those getting none or only one question correct (OR = 3.6; 95% CI = 1.3, 9.9).Conclusions: A great majority of university students in this study were willing to receive the vaccine. Interest varied according to sexual history and knowledge about HPV, and in men, according to whether the vaccine targeted genital warts.Public Health Significance: An effective HPV vaccine, and one that is accepted, could have enormous public health benefits as vaccinations are one of the most successful public health approaches to preventing and controlling many infectious diseases.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Jones, Melissa Annmaj17@pitt.edu, maj422@hotmail.comMAJ17
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTerry, Martha Annmaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberButler, Jamesjbutler9@pitt.eduJBUTLER9
Committee MemberCook, Robertcookrl@phhp.ufl.edu
Committee MemberBeatty, Rodgerrodger@stophiv.pitt.edu
Date: 28 June 2007
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 2 March 2007
Approval Date: 28 June 2007
Submission Date: 27 March 2007
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: acceptance of health care; university students; human papillomavirus; vaccine
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-03272007-223637/, etd-03272007-223637
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:33
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:37
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/6606

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