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Factors that Impact Access to Quality Food in the Inner City

Ilochi, Paula Ijeoma (2011) Factors that Impact Access to Quality Food in the Inner City. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Food insecurity is an issue that disproportionately affects inner city communities. While food insecurity focuses more on the individual level, food deserts affect the community on a societal level. Food insecurity is an issue of public health significance because it affects food environments and has negative consequences on those living in food insecure communities. This review discusses factors that impact access to quality food in inner city communities such as lack of grocery stores, school environments and food affordability and how these factors can lead to an inadequate food supply, poor nutrition, obesity and chronic diseases. Food insecurity often results in an increase in food related health risks such as malnutrition, obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease among other things which can ultimately result in death. Food affordability, knowledge of school environments and supermarket politics regarding negative outcomes of food insecurity are highlighted. Recommendations are provided to address ways that inner city communities can have better access to nutritional food. These recommendations include mobilizing the community via the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) strategic approach, food labeling and diversifying neighborhood income.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ilochi, Paula
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTerry, Martha Annmaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberKeane, Christophercrkcity@pitt.eduCRKCITY
Committee MemberSoska, Tracytsssw@pitt.eduTSSSW
Date: 29 June 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 23 March 2011
Approval Date: 29 June 2011
Submission Date: 28 March 2011
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food Insecurity; Hope VI; obesity; poverty; School environment
Other ID:, etd-03282011-211724
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:33
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:37


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