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Between the Empires: Martí, Rizal and the Limits of Global Resistance

Hagimoto, Koichi (2010) Between the Empires: Martí, Rizal and the Limits of Global Resistance. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation aims to compare and contrast an aspect of the fin-de-siècle literature and history of anti-imperialism in Cuba and the Philippines. I focus my study on what may be the most prominent authors of the two contexts: José Martí (1853-1895) and José Rizal (1861-1896). Although scholars such as Benedict Anderson and Leopoldo Zea have already noted the obvious relations between Martí and Rizal, their anti-imperial texts have not been systematically
compared. Caught between the two empires (Spain and the United States), their projects were equally overwhelming: while studying the history of the failed independence movement in their respective colonies, they attempted to transform the dilemmas of imperial culture into the
building blocks for national liberation. Based on this historico-political premise, my study attempts to explore how Martí and Rizal employ different literary forms to articulate their discourse of protest and to what extent their political writings create the conditions of possibility for a transnational, inter-colonial form of resistance against imperial domination.
One of the central contentions of this dissertation is that the two writers’ anti-imperial texts construct the conceptual framework for the idea of what I call “global resistance.” By this, I mean to indicate the ways in which Cubans and Filipinos shared certain anti-colonial ideas and
struggles against common opponents in the nineteenth century. Through literary analysis and historical study, I intend to examine both the possibilities and the limits of global resistance. The project involves diverse cultural points of reference, ranging from the Caribbean to Asia and
seeking to participate in the ongoing debate within the field of Trans-Pacific Studies.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Hagimoto,, khagimoto@gmail.comKOH2
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLund, Joshuajkl7@pitt.eduJKL7
Committee Memberde la Fuente, Alejandrofuente2@pitt.eduFUENTE2
Committee MemberBalderston, Danieldbalder@pitt.eduDBALDER
Committee MemberDuchesne-Winter, Juanduchesne@pitt.eduDUCHESNE
Date: 18 June 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 21 April 2010
Approval Date: 18 June 2010
Submission Date: 31 March 2010
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-imperialism; Global Resistance;José Martí; Cuba; Rizal; Nineteenth-Century Latin America; Philippines; Spain; Trans-Pacific Studies; United States
Other ID:, etd-03312010-154834
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:33
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:38


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