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Hey, this school library isn't what it used to be: The change process and the sociopolitical realities of implementing a curricularly integrated information literacy program

Rojtas-Milliner, Mary Cay (2006) Hey, this school library isn't what it used to be: The change process and the sociopolitical realities of implementing a curricularly integrated information literacy program. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This study sought to add to the knowledge and understanding of the organizational change process for successfully implementing an integrated information literacy program in one American high school. Participant experiences were accessed to identify and describe elements of their successful change process, barriers and supports that affected its success, and discover the relationships among key concepts. It also explored participants' beliefs about the affect of the program on student achievement and examined how these beliefs affected implementation. A qualitative naturalistic inquiry was conducted and reported in a case study format. A Delphi study identified potential high schools meeting study criteria and purposive sampling identified study participants. Primary sources were in-depth, open-ended interviews focused on participants' recollections and understandings of the change process, with additional data drawn from relevant school/state documents, a personal research journal, and relevant literature. Data were analyzed using grounded theory practices. Findings indicated that successful implementation was dependent upon six key concepts: (1) distributed leadership (core concept); (2) effective leadership (3) open and frequent communication (4) better relationships; (5) shared aspects of teaching and learning (6) elements of the information literacy program. Conclusions were: (1) simultaneous occurrence of need, opportunity and leadership for change was essential for successful implementation; (2) distributed leadership practiced by administrators empowered the teacher-librarian and teachers to assume leadership roles; (3) teacher-librarian leadership requires access to ongoing, high quality professional development; (4) continuous high quality, staff development and teacher-librarian staff development role are essential for successful implementation; (5) full-time teacher-librarian and full-time secretary may be inadequate staffing for an integrated program; (6) teacher-librarian's open and frequent communication is key to successful implementation; (7) teachers are at different places on the institutionalization continuum; (8) most serious barriers to implementation are time constraints, heavy workload, and fear of changing one's teaching; (9) a successful program requires a combination of key supporting factors; (10) school library and teacher-librarian role changes are indicators of successful implementation; (11) improved staff relationships result from and propel successful implementation; (12) an integrated information literacy program with a central role for the teacher-librarian contributes to improved teaching and learning.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Rojtas-Milliner, Mary
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairWerlinich, Joseph Sjwerlini@pitt.eduJWERLINI
Committee MemberWoolls,
Committee MemberGraf, Otto Lograf@pitt.eduOGRAF
Committee MemberGoodwin, Sue Annsgoodwin@pitt.eduSGOODWIN
Date: 11 April 2006
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 23 March 2006
Approval Date: 11 April 2006
Submission Date: 7 April 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Administrative and Policy Studies
Degree: EdD - Doctor of Education
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: collaboration between teahers and teacher-librar; flexible library schedule; high school libraries; implementation of Information Power 2; information search process; information specialists; ISP; library media centers; library media specialists; process approach to information literacy instructi; resource-based learning; school librarians; school libraries; school library media specialists; school library programs; successful school change
Other ID:, etd-04072006-142901
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:34
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:38


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