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ANALYSIS OF GEOGRAPHIC PATTERNS IN MODIFIABLE RISK FACTORS IN PEOPLE WITH DIABETES

Bettencourt, Laura A. (2009) ANALYSIS OF GEOGRAPHIC PATTERNS IN MODIFIABLE RISK FACTORS IN PEOPLE WITH DIABETES. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Diabetes is a complex chronic disease with many causes, complications and management needs. It affects a large proportion of people of varying ages, income levels, races/ethnicities and geographic areas. Approximately 7.0% of Pennsylvanians have been diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes is a major public health challenge due to the enormous impact on the affected individual, their families and the health care system. However, recent research has shown that diabetes related mortality and morbidity can be prevented or delayed by controlling risk factors. Certain environmental aspects play an important role in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases such as diabetes. In order to provide the public health community with another tool to enhance our understanding of the factors that affect the numbers and types of diabetes cases in Pennsylvania, it is important that we undertake a project that will support the analysis of geographic in terms of associated risk factors.This study proposed to investigate geographical patterns of diabetes hospitalizations, risk factors for diabetes complications and glycemic control among individuals with type 2 diabetes in rural regions. Residents of more rural counties are 11% more likely to be hospitalized for uncontrolled diabetes compared to those living in areas that are less rural for every increase in rurality ranking. Furthermore, we demonstrated that there is a clear association between the presence of food stores, food service places, and health care locations with risk factors for diabetes complications among individuals with diabetes. Our findings also indicated that those who live more than ten miles from their diabetes management center are 88% more likely to have an HbA1c level greater than 7.0% compared to those who live less than ten miles from their center, adjusted for individual-level and community level factors. Results demonstrated that for every mile the subjects live from their diabetes management center, they are 2% more likely to have an HbA1c level greater than 7.0%. These findings are of public health significance because they demostrate a clear association between the built envirnment and diabetes hospitalizations, risk factors for diabetes complications and glycemic control among individuals with diabetes in rural regions.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Bettencourt, Laura A.bettencourtla3@upmc.edu
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairZgibor, Janicezgiborj@upmc.edu
Committee MemberFabio, Anthonyfabioa@upmc.edu
Committee MemberTalbot, Evelyneot1@pitt.eduEOT1
Committee MemberKarimi, Hassanhkarimi@mail.sis.pitt.eduHKARIMI
Committee MemberSharma, Ravirks1946@pitt.eduRKS1946
Date: 29 June 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 7 April 2009
Approval Date: 29 June 2009
Submission Date: 8 April 2009
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: diabetes; local environment; neighborhood
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04082009-113915/, etd-04082009-113915
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:35
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:39
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/6899

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