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A Social-Ecological Perspective on Nosocomial Infection Control in Developing Countries: Exploring the Role of International NGOs

Likumahuwa, Sonja Marie (2008) A Social-Ecological Perspective on Nosocomial Infection Control in Developing Countries: Exploring the Role of International NGOs. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Nosocomial, or hospital-acquired, infection is a serious global public health issue that causes the suffering of 1.4 million people at any given time. This thesis uses the social-ecological model to frame the problem of nosocomial infection control in developing countries, and proposes roles for international non-governmental organizations in developing country settings. Using the social-ecological model reveals nosocomial infection control issues at the individual, hospital, and national policy and infrastructure levels. Interviews were conducted with four organizations: two international non-governmental organizations, the Pan American Health Organization, and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Infection Control Office. Two case studies are presented from Honduras, showing how the two international non-governmental organizations approached the infection control issue in two public hospitals in that country. Recommendations are given for possible intervention points in developing countries.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Likumahuwa, Sonja
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTerry, Martha Annmaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberDocumet, Patricia Ipdocumet@pitt.eduPDOCUMET
Committee MemberNelson, Paul Jpjnelson@pitt.eduPJNELSON
Date: 27 June 2008
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 17 March 2008
Approval Date: 27 June 2008
Submission Date: 9 April 2008
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Latin America; social-ecological model; developing country; nosocomial infection
Other ID:, etd-04092008-084933
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:35
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:39


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