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Life Cycle Optimization Model for Integrated Cogeneration and Energy Systems Applications in Buildings

Osman, Ayat E. (2008) Life Cycle Optimization Model for Integrated Cogeneration and Energy Systems Applications in Buildings. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Energy use in commercial buildings constitutes a major proportion of the energy consumption and anthropogenic emissions in the USA. Cogeneration systems offer an opportunity to meet a building¡¦s electrical and thermal demands from a single energy source. To answer the question of what is the most beneficial and cost effective energy source(s) that can be used to meet the energy demands of the building, optimizations techniques have been implemented in some studies to find the optimum energy system based on reducing cost and maximizing revenues. Due to the significant environmental impacts that can result from meeting the energy demands in buildings, building design should incorporate environmental criteria in the decision making criteria. The objective of this research is to develop a framework and model to optimize a building¡¦s operation by integrating congregation systems and utility systems in order to meet the electrical, heating, and cooling demand by considering the potential life cycle environmental impact that might result from meeting those demands as well as the economical implications. Two LCA Optimization models have been developed within a framework that uses hourly building energy data, life cycle assessment (LCA), and mixed-integer linear programming (MILP). The objective functions that are used in the formulation of the problems include:„XMinimizing life cycle primary energy consumption, „XMinimizing global warming potential, „XMinimizing tropospheric ozone precursor potential, „XMinimizing acidification potential,„XMinimizing NOx, SO2 and CO2, and„XMinimizing life cycle costs, considering a study period of ten years and the lifetime of equipment.The two LCA optimization models can be used for: (a) long term planning and operational analysis in buildings by analyzing the hourly energy use of a building during a day and (b) design and quick analysis of building operation based on periodic analysis of energy use of a building in a year. A Pareto-optimal frontier is also derived, which defines the minimum cost required to achieve any level of environmental emission or primary energy usage value or inversely the minimum environmental indicator and primary energy usage value that can be achieved and the cost required to achieve that value.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Osman, Ayat E.aeo2@pitt.eduAEO2
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairRies, Robertrobries@pitt.eduROBRIES
Committee MemberNorman, Bryanbanorman@engr.pitt.eduBANORMAN
Committee MemberSchaefer, Lauralaschaef@engr.pitt.eduLAS149
Committee MemberCasson, Leonard Wcasson@engr.pitt.eduCASSON
Committee MemberNeufeld, Ronald Dneufeld@engr.pitt.eduNEUFELD
Date: 9 September 2008
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 3 April 2006
Approval Date: 9 September 2008
Submission Date: 10 April 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: AP; fuel cell; GWP; ICE; internal combustion engine; microturbine; TOPP; building energy systems; SOFC
Other ID:, etd-04102006-151213
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:35
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:39


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