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The Role of Chrodegang of Metz (712-766) in the Formation of Western Plainchant

Ober, Mary E.S. (2006) The Role of Chrodegang of Metz (712-766) in the Formation of Western Plainchant. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Recent chant scholarship suggests that early Western plainchant consisted of a blend of Frankish and Roman chant features, and that the Roman cantilena which was transmitted in the time of Pepin III (r. 742-68) and Charlemagne (r. 771-814) was more a "way of singing" than a collection of fixed melodies. The goal of this paper is to expand upon this view of the earliest era of Western chant through an examination of the activities of Bishop Chrodegang of Metz (712-766).Historical evidence records Chrodegang's direct involvement in the trip of Pope Stephen II to Francia (753-54), noted by early writers as pivotal to the initial introduction of the eighth-century Roman chant to Francia. Comparison of a text-critical analysis of Chrodegang's Regula canonicorum (Rule for the Canons) with the timing of the pope's trip, plus other documents and artifacts from the late eighth to early ninth century, indicates that Chrodegang's interest in the Roman liturgy and chant was noticeably higher after 754. Liturgical books with a blend of Roman and Frankish traditions came into wide use at the same time that Chrodegang rose to regional prominence. Chrodegang, a popular church leader, was also apparently skilled at seeking compromise in situations dealing with "old traditions" in the face of change. A summary of these strands of evidence postulates the earliest importation and establishment of elements of Roman-style chanting to Metz, under Bishop Chrodegang, and its subsequent development as a "blended" tradition in the decade after Pope Stephen's stay in Francia in 754.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ober, Mary
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLewis, Mary Slsm@pitt.eduLSM
Committee MemberRoot, Deane Ldlr@pitt.eduDLR
Committee MemberFranklin, Don Odof@pitt.eduDOF
Date: 27 June 2006
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 3 February 2006
Approval Date: 27 June 2006
Submission Date: 11 April 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Music
Degree: MA - Master of Arts
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: chant; Frankish chant; Pope Stephen; Regula canonicorum; Roman cantilena; transmission
Other ID:, etd-04112006-125237
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:35
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:39


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