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The Gendered Power Differential: Its Role in HIV and Intimate Partner Violence Among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa

Ahn, Eun-Young (2006) The Gendered Power Differential: Its Role in HIV and Intimate Partner Violence Among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This paper will discuss the power differential between women and men and its role in the intersection of HIV/AIDS and intimate partner violence among women in sub-Saharan Africa. Both HIV and intimate partner violence are of tremendous public health relevance. Since its "discovery" over 20 years ago, HIV has been and continues to be a world health problem. Nearly 40 million people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS; about half of them are women. Fifty seven percent of the people living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa are women. HIV prevention continues to be an urgent health priority in sub-Saharan Africa and throughout developing countries around the world; yet interventions preach abstinence and safer sex practices without recognizing the sociocultural context of HIV/AIDS or of sexual behavior and practices. Traditional concepts of gender roles and the power differential intrinsic in relationships between women and men must be accounted for - not only in the design of HIV interventions, but also acknowledged as risk factors for violent relationships. Suggestion of condom use by the female partner, for example, is often met with suspicion, hostility, even violence from her male partner. Intimate partner violence is researched in this paper because it is the ultimate manifestation of the gendered power differential. This paper will critically review existing HIV interventions targeting women, explore different gender norms throughout sub-Saharan Africa and the gendered power differential as exemplified by IPV. The paper will conclude with recommendations for future public health efforts and a proposal for an intervention that addresses both public health issues.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ahn, Eun-Youngeua1@pitt.eduEUA1
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTerry, Martha Annmaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberLombardi,
Committee MemberGriffin Burke, Jessicajgburke@pitt.eduJGBURKE
Date: 26 June 2006
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 7 April 2006
Approval Date: 26 June 2006
Submission Date: 12 April 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV; intimate partner violence; IPV; power; sub-Saharan Africa
Other ID:, etd-04122006-152201
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:36
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:39


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