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Socio-Demographic Factors Associated to Condom Use in the Cameroon Military

Nagy, Annie Marie (2010) Socio-Demographic Factors Associated to Condom Use in the Cameroon Military. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

With an average HIV prevalence rate more than two times higher than the general population, the Cameroon military is in need of effective HIV/AIDS prevention intervention programs. The aim of this study is to examine socio-demographic factors associated to condom use among military personnel through an existing HIV prevention program and offer recommendations for HIV prevention interventions to the Cameroon military.Objectives: Analyze baseline condom use data collected from the 2005 HIV surveillance and behavioral study of the Armed Forces of Cameroon. Provide feedback to GVFI to effectively utilize this information for the 2009/2010 HIV/AIDS surveillance and intervention plan targeting the Armed Forces of Cameroon. Methods: The data included responses from a behavioral questionnaire and blood samples (n=2154) obtained from military personnel in Cameroon. Estimated population proportions of condom use data were compared for each of the following socio-demographic variables: military region, age, gender, marital status, military rank, and religion. Chi-square analyses were utilized to test for significance within each socio-demographic variable. Multivariate logistical regressions were executed based on the significant findings of the chi-square tests. Statistical analyses were completed using SYSTAT 13 and SAS 9.2.Results: Specific populations of military personnel demonstrated less condom use, including individuals from military Region 3, older personnel, women, married individuals, non-commissioned officers, and non-Christians. Discussion: This research has shown that there is a relationship between certain socio-demographic characteristics and lower reported rates of condom use. This information can be utilized for the new HIV/AIDS intervention prevention plan (2009/2010) targeting the Cameroon military. Conclusion: Training of trainers and peer educator programs targeting specific populations within the military can have an effect on decreasing the current STI/HIV prevalence rate. A multi-dimensional approach that focuses on intensive education at all levels of the military, outreach that includes condom distribution and counseling, and the availability of HIV testing is essential in creating the most effective HIV/AIDS prevention intervention program. Implications for public health: Consistent and proper condom use is a highly effective method for HIV/AIDS prevention. This research provides background data to inform the planning of an HIV intervention prevention program targeting military personnel in Cameroon. Such a program can be adapted for military programs around the world.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Nagy, Annie Mariebeindou3@yahoo.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFrank, Lindafrankie@pitt.eduFRANKIE
Committee MemberLombardi, Emiliaell8@pitt.eduELL8
Committee MemberTerry, Martha Annmaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Date: 28 June 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 5 April 2010
Approval Date: 28 June 2010
Submission Date: 12 April 2010
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: associated condom use; cameroon military; HIV/AIDS effect on African militiaries; military policy; threat to national security
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04122010-140059/, etd-04122010-140059
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:36
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:39
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/7069

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