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Phenotypic Analysis of Stem Cell Microenvironments Within the Conducting Airway Epithelium

Giangreco, Adam (2004) Phenotypic Analysis of Stem Cell Microenvironments Within the Conducting Airway Epithelium. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The elucidation of mechanisms for epithelial maintenance and renewal after injury are central to understanding aspects of normal airway diversity and the pathobiology of lung diseases including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and cancer. Due to the low steady state turnover of the airway epithelium, it has been proposed that epithelial remodeling following chronic lung injury or disease may be the result of aberrant epithelial stem cell activation. Previous results indicated that intrapulmonary conducting airways contain rare populations of stem cells that localized to neuroepithelial body (NEB) microenvironments, and that these cells are activated following injury involving depletion of airway Clara cells. These airway cells were uniquely pollutant resistant, exhibited robust mitotic and differentiation potential, and exhibited the molecular property of Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) expression. Despite this recent progress, many aspects of airway stem cell maintenance, initiation, and regulation remain elusive. Studies presented in this dissertation were undertaken (1) to investigate the existence of alternate, regionally distinct airway stem cell populations, (2) to elucidate mechanisms of airway stem cell pollutant resistance, and (3) to identify signaling pathways associated with stem cell-associated repair. Results of these studies demonstrate the existence of unique, NEB microenvironment-independent CCSP expressing stem cells restricted to airway bronchoalveolar duct junction (BADJ) microenvironments. Results also identify likely mechanisms of CCSP expressing stem cell pollutant resistance that include reduced levels of Cytochrome P450 expression and robust drug / pollutant efflux systems. Finally, results of these studies indicate that activation of the b-catenin signaling pathway and definitive downstream target genes occurs within NEB and BADJ microenvironments during airway regeneration. Together, these findings demonstrate that regionally distinct, pollutant resistant airway stem cell populations are responsible for the maintenance of appropriate epithelial diversity and facilitate renewal processes after injury. Furthermore, these studies support the notion that b-catenin signaling and downstream target gene activation are important mediators of stem cell-associated epithelial renewal.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Giangreco, Adamadg1@pitt.eduadg1@pitt.edu
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairPitt, Bruce Rbrucep@pitt.edubrucep@pitt.edu
Committee MemberStripp, Barry Rbrs2@pitt.edubrs2@pitt.edu
Committee MemberPilewski, Joseph Mpilewski@pitt.edupilewski@pitt.edu
Committee MemberOnate, Sergio Aonate@pitt.eduonate@pitt.edu
Committee MemberWatklins, Simon Cswatkins@pitt.eduswatkins@pitt.edu
Date: 19 April 2004
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 12 April 2004
Approval Date: 19 April 2004
Submission Date: 14 April 2004
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Cell Biology and Molecular Physiology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: airway; b-catenin; CCSP; microenvironment; stem cell
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04142004-164128/, etd-04142004-164128
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:37
Last Modified: 04 May 2012 16:19
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/7138

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