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Declaring Indigenous: International Aspirations and National Land Claims Through the Lens of Anthropology

Nichols, Teresa A (2009) Declaring Indigenous: International Aspirations and National Land Claims Through the Lens of Anthropology. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

In 2007, the United Nations adopted a landmark resolution for indigenous issues, the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. After twenty years of preparation, there were, however, still problems. Four countries with significant indigenous populations declined to sign: the United States of America, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. All four refused to do so over the contentious issue of land claims and some uncertainty about the definition of 'indigenous'. Examining these national systems for land claims and national museums through an anthropological perspective will help identify central issues in indigenous relations. All four nations recognize a form of indigenous land rights, but their infrastructure for recognizing and redressing these rights is often problematic. The Declaration is an important step toward finding solutions to disputes with indigenous peoples, especially now when in a globalized world multiple threats confront these groups. These four nations have a significant influence on how indigenous issues are being dealt with internationally, and without their support this declaration will be unable to make a real difference. Understanding the differences in evidentiary standards among the four nations will help suggest ways in which anthropological research can better work to support indigenous rights and actualize the aspirations of the Declaration.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Nichols, Teresa Atan19@pitt.eduTAN19
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLinduff, Katheryn Mlinduff@pitt.eduLINDUFF
Committee MemberHanks, Bryan Kbkh5@pitt.eduBKH5
Committee MemberRogers, J Danielrogersd@si.edu
Committee MemberOlsen, Sandra Lolsens@carnegiemnh.org
Date: 29 April 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 10 April 2009
Approval Date: 29 April 2009
Submission Date: 16 April 2009
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Anthropology
University Honors College
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: archaeology; CANZUS; equal rights; ethnicity; importance of land; indigenous empowerment; multivocality; nationalism; oral history; repatriation; special rights; traditional ownership; treaty settlements
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04162009-173712/, etd-04162009-173712
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:37
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:40
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/7230

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