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Supervision of cyber teachers: Examining U.S. based cyber school policy and practice

Rosendale, Eric G. (2009) Supervision of cyber teachers: Examining U.S. based cyber school policy and practice. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This study extends the body of knowledge in the field of K-12 teacher supervision through an investigation of contemporary literature on supervision in traditional and cyber schools; an inventory of current cyber school supervisory practices, procedures, policies, needs, and issues; and a review of related supervisory documents. The results of the outreach effort yielded an effective response rate of 9% resulting in an unintended, but important finding, in that a better mechanism is needed for identifying, categorizing and reaching cyber schools. The study supports contemporary beliefs related to the necessity and importance of a quality supervisory program and that multiple considerations and approaches are available. Participating schools report substantially lower teacher to supervisor ratios than the national average and that supervision practices have a positive impact on quality of instruction. Respondents indicate that the principal is primarily responsible for supervision however; many call upon other individuals such as peer mentors, instructional supervisors, and team leaders to assess and support the teacher. Most participating schools incorporate the use of classroom observations using archived data and report that email is most widely used and most useful supervisory tool. Student work/test scores, input from students, teacher self-reflection, and input from parents are reported to be the most widely used sources of data. Professional development needs and a lack of time for supervision are reported to be the biggest supervisory challenges facing cyber school administrators.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Rosendale, Eric
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTananis, Cynthiatananis@pitt.eduTANANIS
Committee MemberTrovato, Charlenetrovato@pitt.eduTROVATO
Committee MemberPeck, Kyle
Committee MemberKerr, Mary Margaretmmkerr@pitt.eduMMKERR
Committee MemberGraf, Otto Lograf@pitt.eduOGRAF
Date: 18 June 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 30 March 2009
Approval Date: 18 June 2009
Submission Date: 17 April 2009
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Administrative and Policy Studies
Degree: EdD - Doctor of Education
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: e-learning; learning; online; pennsylvania; technology; distance; evaluation
Other ID:, etd-04172009-224433
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:38
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:40


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