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Newell, Lisa C. (2005) THE DEVELOPMENT OF FACE EXPERTISE: THE ROLE OF RACE, DISTINCTIVENESS AND INTENTIONALITY. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Face perception and recognition is an area of much research across infancy, childhood, and adulthood. Unfortunately, there has been a lack of integration across these areas in the past. As such, there is a need for a comprehensive review of this literature. When examined, a number of discrepancies in research findings across these areas can be identified. The current literature review and empirical investigation take a first step in reconciling discrepancies in the literature and make suggestions for future investigations to bring together these disparate areas. Five-year-old children, eight-year-old children, eleven-year-old children, and adults were tested under either incidental or intentional learning conditions for recognition of distinctive and typical own- and other-race faces. No differences were evident between the incidental and intentional learning conditions. However, evidence of a significant distinctiveness effect was found for all age groups. In addition, the cross-race effect was shown to be highly dependent on the distinctiveness of the faces. In fact, there was no evidence of a cross-race effect for the highly typical faces, while a reversal of the cross-race effect was found for the highly distinctive faces. In other words, for the highly distinctive faces, other-race faces were recognized more accurately than own-race faces, a contrast to previous research demonstrating more accurate recognition for own-race faces than other-race faces. The results from the current study suggest that the cross-race effect is more complex than previously thought and that distinctiveness is a powerful influence in face recognition across development.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Newell, Lisa C.lcz1@pitt.eduLCZ1
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairStrauss, Mark Sstrauss@pitt.eduSTRAUSS
Committee MemberJohnson, Carljohnson@pitt.eduJOHNSON
Committee MemberRakison, David
Committee MemberSchooler, Jonathanschooler@pitt.eduSCHOOLER
Date: 3 June 2005
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 20 December 2004
Approval Date: 3 June 2005
Submission Date: 18 April 2005
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: children; distinctiveness; face recognition; incidental; intentional; race
Other ID:, etd-04182005-085151
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:38
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:40


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