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Representations of Space in Seventeenth Century Physics

Miller, David Marshall (2006) Representations of Space in Seventeenth Century Physics. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The changing understanding of the universe that characterized the birth of modern science included a fundamental shift in the prevailing representation of space - the presupposed conceptual structure that allows one to intelligibly describe the spatial properties of physical phenomena. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the prevailing representation of space was spherical. Natural philosophers first assumed a spatial center, then specified meanings with reference to that center. Directions, for example, were described in relation to the center, and locations were specified by distance from the center. Through a series of attempts to solve problems first raised by the work of Copernicus, this Aristotelian, spherical framework was replaced by a rectilinear representation of space. By the end of the seventeenth century, descriptions were understood by reference to linear orientations, as parallel or oblique to a presupposed line, and locations were identified without reference to a privileged central point. This move to rectilinear representations of space enabled Gilbert, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, and Newton to describe and explain the behavior of the physical world in the novel ways for which these men are justly famous, including their theories of gravitational attraction and inertia. In other words, the shift towards a rectilinear representation of space was essential to the fundamental reconception of the universe that gave rise to both modern physical theory and, at the same time, the linear way of experiencing the world that characterizes modern science.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Miller, David
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee CoChairMcGuire, J Ejemcg@pitt.eduJEMCG
Committee CoChairMachamer, Peter Kpkmach@pitt.eduPKMACH
Committee MemberEarman, Johnjearman@pitt.eduJEARMAN
Committee MemberScott, Jonathanjos15@pitt.eduJOS15
Committee MemberPalmieri, Paolopap7@pitt.eduPAP7
Date: 2 June 2006
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 10 April 2006
Approval Date: 2 June 2006
Submission Date: 18 April 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > History and Philosophy of Science
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: early modern philosophy; early modern science; intellectual history; spatial epistemology
Other ID:, etd-04182006-114035
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:38
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:40


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