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Groups Reactions to Failure: A Social Identity Approach

Lambert, Noah B (2005) Groups Reactions to Failure: A Social Identity Approach. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This experiment examined how people react after their group has failed at a task. One-hundred thirteen female participants were randomly placed in three-person groups and asked to complete an aesthetic judgment task similar to that used by Klein (1997). All participants then received (false) feedback showing that their group had failed on the task, with many participants also receiving individual feedback about their performance. Some participants were told they performed better than the other members of their group, some were told they did worse, and the rest received no individual feedback. Half of the participants were also told they would lead their group, if it performed the task again, whereas others were told that another member would lead the group. Participants were then asked to choose between trying the same task again, or a taking chance option to win a cash prize. Social identity theory suggests that individuals who "performed" better than other group members, and were also selected as leader, might try to enhance their personal and social identities by choosing to do the same task again. In contrast, individuals who "performed" worse, and were selected as leader, would be less likely to choose to do the task again. Results showed simply that those who performed better were more likely than those who performed worse to try the task again. The leadership variable showed no significant effects.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Lambert, Noah Bnol2@pitt.eduNOL2
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMoreland, Richardcslewis@pitt.eduCSLEWIS
Committee MemberLevine, John
Committee MemberKlein, William
Date: 7 June 2005
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 21 February 2005
Approval Date: 7 June 2005
Submission Date: 19 April 2005
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Group failure; Group reactions; Social identity
Other ID:, etd-04192005-150048
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:38
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:41


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