Pitt Logo LinkContact Us

Outcome Milestones in Smoking Cessation: An Organizational Framework

Scharf, Deborah M (2005) Outcome Milestones in Smoking Cessation: An Organizational Framework. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Primary Text
Download (857Kb) | Preview

    Abstract

    In this study, the utility and validity of three behavioral milestones, initial abstinence, lapse, and relapse, were investigated as an organizational framework for assessing and reporting outcomes in smoking cessation research. Tests of the framework were twofold: First, to establish that each milestone represented a significant barrier to successful smoking cessation, the proportion of participants failing to meet abstinence criteria at each milestone was investigated. Second, differences in variables that predicted outcomes between the milestones were examined. Changes in the importance of factors that predicted outcomes between the milestones were to suggest differences in the processes contributing to changes in trajectory towards end-state failure or success. The utility and validity of the milestones as an organizational framework was partially supported insofar as all of the milestones represented significant barriers to successful smoking cessation. However, few predictors of any outcome were identified. As a consequence, few instances of differential prediction between outcomes were found. This study, therefore, did not provide support for the utility of the milestones framework because preliminary findings did not provide an appropriate context in which it could be tested as a tool for identifying differential predictors of initial abstinence, lapse, and relapse.


    Share

    Citation/Export:
    Social Networking:

    Details

    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmail
    Committee ChairShiffman, Saulshiffman@pinneyassociates.com
    Committee MemberSayette, Michaelsayette@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberKlein, Williamwmklein@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberShadel, Williamwgs1@pitt.edu
    Title: Outcome Milestones in Smoking Cessation: An Organizational Framework
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: In this study, the utility and validity of three behavioral milestones, initial abstinence, lapse, and relapse, were investigated as an organizational framework for assessing and reporting outcomes in smoking cessation research. Tests of the framework were twofold: First, to establish that each milestone represented a significant barrier to successful smoking cessation, the proportion of participants failing to meet abstinence criteria at each milestone was investigated. Second, differences in variables that predicted outcomes between the milestones were examined. Changes in the importance of factors that predicted outcomes between the milestones were to suggest differences in the processes contributing to changes in trajectory towards end-state failure or success. The utility and validity of the milestones as an organizational framework was partially supported insofar as all of the milestones represented significant barriers to successful smoking cessation. However, few predictors of any outcome were identified. As a consequence, few instances of differential prediction between outcomes were found. This study, therefore, did not provide support for the utility of the milestones framework because preliminary findings did not provide an appropriate context in which it could be tested as a tool for identifying differential predictors of initial abstinence, lapse, and relapse.
    Date: 09 June 2005
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 19 April 2005
    Approval Date: 09 June 2005
    Submission Date: 19 April 2005
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: MS - Master of Science
    URN: etd-04192005-162122
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Initial abstinence; lapse; nicotine dependence; relapse; stress; survival analysis
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:38
    Last Modified: 22 May 2012 16:46
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04192005-162122/, etd-04192005-162122

    Actions (login required)

    View Item

    Document Downloads