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Improved Mapping Accuracy of Planetary Surfaces Using Super-Resolution of Thermal Infrared Data

Hughes, Christopher Gerald (2011) Improved Mapping Accuracy of Planetary Surfaces Using Super-Resolution of Thermal Infrared Data. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    Super-Resolution is the process of obtaining a spatial resolution greater than that of the original resolution of a data source. This can be done through the fusion of original data with an additional source that has the desired resolution. These approaches can either be qualitative for visual appeal, quantitative for data accuracy, or some combination of both. The super-resolution approach offers an alternative to traditional sub-pixel deconvolution identification and provides higher resolution TIR data for Earth and Mars.The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) has provided the highest spatial resolution (100 meter / pixel) thermal infrared (TIR) data of the Mars surface to date. These data have enabled the discovery of small-scale compositional units and helped to constrain surface processes operating at these scales. Higher resolution visible instruments have revealed smaller-scale differences, creating a need to detect compositional variability using TIR data at scales below 100 meters. Putative chloride deposits identified on Mars are one such area. These deposits have a unique spectral signature in the TIR and are present within topographic lows. The super-resolution algorithm helped constrain the local mineral assemblages and stratigraphic order. This data reveals that associated phyllosilicate-rich units may be part of a common lithostratigraphic unit with a phyllosilicate-poor ST-2 material.Lunar Lake playa, located ~100 km northeast of Tonopah, Nevada, has been used as an analog site for multiple planetary surfaces and as a vicarious calibration site for Earth-orbiting satellites. As such, the ability to obtain higher resolution data through super-resolution has the potential to improve Earth data and give to insight into the formation of similar environments on other planetary surfaces. Super resolved data show Lunar Lake playa to be more compositionally heterogeneous than previously thought. A gradation of mineralogy exists within the playa, seen in both super-resolved data and in samples collected during fieldwork. The composition of the playa is influenced by the immediate surroundings, with variation existing between the western side of the playa, bounded by basaltic units, and the eastern, bounded by rhyolitic tuff. As the surrounding material weather, different clasts are transported onto the playa, and weather into different mineral assemblies.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmail
    Committee ChairRamsey, Michael Smramsey@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberJones, Charles Ecejones@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberBain, Daniel Jdbain@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberBandfield, Joshua Ljoshband@u.washington.edu
    Committee MemberAnderson, Thomas Htaco@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberHarbert, Williamharbert@pitt.edu
    Title: Improved Mapping Accuracy of Planetary Surfaces Using Super-Resolution of Thermal Infrared Data
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: Super-Resolution is the process of obtaining a spatial resolution greater than that of the original resolution of a data source. This can be done through the fusion of original data with an additional source that has the desired resolution. These approaches can either be qualitative for visual appeal, quantitative for data accuracy, or some combination of both. The super-resolution approach offers an alternative to traditional sub-pixel deconvolution identification and provides higher resolution TIR data for Earth and Mars.The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) has provided the highest spatial resolution (100 meter / pixel) thermal infrared (TIR) data of the Mars surface to date. These data have enabled the discovery of small-scale compositional units and helped to constrain surface processes operating at these scales. Higher resolution visible instruments have revealed smaller-scale differences, creating a need to detect compositional variability using TIR data at scales below 100 meters. Putative chloride deposits identified on Mars are one such area. These deposits have a unique spectral signature in the TIR and are present within topographic lows. The super-resolution algorithm helped constrain the local mineral assemblages and stratigraphic order. This data reveals that associated phyllosilicate-rich units may be part of a common lithostratigraphic unit with a phyllosilicate-poor ST-2 material.Lunar Lake playa, located ~100 km northeast of Tonopah, Nevada, has been used as an analog site for multiple planetary surfaces and as a vicarious calibration site for Earth-orbiting satellites. As such, the ability to obtain higher resolution data through super-resolution has the potential to improve Earth data and give to insight into the formation of similar environments on other planetary surfaces. Super resolved data show Lunar Lake playa to be more compositionally heterogeneous than previously thought. A gradation of mineralogy exists within the playa, seen in both super-resolved data and in samples collected during fieldwork. The composition of the playa is influenced by the immediate surroundings, with variation existing between the western side of the playa, bounded by basaltic units, and the eastern, bounded by rhyolitic tuff. As the surrounding material weather, different clasts are transported onto the playa, and weather into different mineral assemblies.
    Date: 29 June 2011
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 18 November 2010
    Approval Date: 29 June 2011
    Submission Date: 20 April 2011
    Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
    URN: etd-04202011-112822
    Uncontrolled Keywords: ASTER; Mars; Remote Sensing; super-resolution; THEMIS; TIR
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Geology and Planetary Science
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:39
    Last Modified: 23 May 2012 15:46
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04202011-112822/, etd-04202011-112822

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