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An Investigated Relationship between Aspectual Prefixes and Verbal Semantics in Russian

Martelle, Wendy M. W. (2005) An Investigated Relationship between Aspectual Prefixes and Verbal Semantics in Russian. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    AN INVESTIGATED RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ASPECTUAL PREFIXES AND VERBAL SEMANTICS IN RUSSIANWendy M. W. Martelle, M.A.University of Pittsburgh, 2005As many students studying Russian as a second language learn, the imperfective-perfective opposition is commonly realized through prefixation. This study attempts to show a semantic relationship between Russian aspectual prefixes and the verbs that they attach to in order to become perfective. The system of verbal aspect in Russian is outlined, as well as the concept of pure aspectual verbal pairs. The semantic categories used in determining a relationship in this study were based on Talmy's (1985) categories of Purpose, Cause/Manner, Causativity and Path. Over 900 verbs that are aspectually differentiated by prefix were analyzed according to prefix and semantic category. We then utilized descriptive statistics to determine tendencies or patterns between aspectual prefixes and verbal semantics. The results of the descriptive analysis showed that there appear to be some tendencies for certain prefixes to attach to particular semantic qualities. A chi-square analysis was next carried out to establish whether there is a statistically significant relationship between aspectual prefixes and verbal semantics, and the results of this test illustrated that the association is statistically significant, but not very strong. Based on these results, this study concludes with a discussion of implications for further research into this area.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmailORCID
    Committee ChairJuffs, Alanjuffs@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberBirnbaum, Daviddjbpitt@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberMasullo, Pascualpascual@pitt.edu
    Title: An Investigated Relationship between Aspectual Prefixes and Verbal Semantics in Russian
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: AN INVESTIGATED RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ASPECTUAL PREFIXES AND VERBAL SEMANTICS IN RUSSIANWendy M. W. Martelle, M.A.University of Pittsburgh, 2005As many students studying Russian as a second language learn, the imperfective-perfective opposition is commonly realized through prefixation. This study attempts to show a semantic relationship between Russian aspectual prefixes and the verbs that they attach to in order to become perfective. The system of verbal aspect in Russian is outlined, as well as the concept of pure aspectual verbal pairs. The semantic categories used in determining a relationship in this study were based on Talmy's (1985) categories of Purpose, Cause/Manner, Causativity and Path. Over 900 verbs that are aspectually differentiated by prefix were analyzed according to prefix and semantic category. We then utilized descriptive statistics to determine tendencies or patterns between aspectual prefixes and verbal semantics. The results of the descriptive analysis showed that there appear to be some tendencies for certain prefixes to attach to particular semantic qualities. A chi-square analysis was next carried out to establish whether there is a statistically significant relationship between aspectual prefixes and verbal semantics, and the results of this test illustrated that the association is statistically significant, but not very strong. Based on these results, this study concludes with a discussion of implications for further research into this area.
    Date: 07 June 2005
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 19 April 2005
    Approval Date: 07 June 2005
    Submission Date: 21 April 2005
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: MA - Master of Arts
    URN: etd-04212005-135621
    Uncontrolled Keywords: linguistics; Russian aspect; statistical analysis
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Linguistics
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:40
    Last Modified: 23 May 2012 16:35
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04212005-135621/, etd-04212005-135621

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