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Determinants of Internal Remittances: A Study of Migrant Domestic Workers Living in Dakar, Senegal

Barnett, Allyson Marie (2011) Determinants of Internal Remittances: A Study of Migrant Domestic Workers Living in Dakar, Senegal. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This paper investigates the motives behind internal income transfers through an analysisof original survey data. Though there has been much research on this topic, few studies haveaddressed the role of seasonal migration and factors specifically relevant to women (such asnumber of children) in remittance behavior. Both issues are investigated here. Over 100 femalemigrant domestic workers living in Dakar, Senegal were given a survey on their remittancebehaviors, work, and family situations. The correlations between percent of income remittedand explanatory variables such as age, number of children, and status as a seasonal migrant, wasused to determine the characteristics of migrants who remit the most. This information was thenused to draw conclusions on migrants' motives for remitting. Three main results were established. First, status as a seasonal migrant is associated with a higher percent of income remitted relative to non-seasonal migrants, suggesting that seasonal migrants have a greater stake in their home community due to regular stays at home. This also reflects the idea that families use rural-urban migration as a tool for household consumption smoothing. Secondly, having asmall number of children is associated with a higher percent of income remitted relative to those with many or no children, indicating that the women with one or two young children leave them in care of their grandparents, and that remittances are a form of payment for the child's needs. Finally, migrants with a deceased father remit less than those with a living father, which supports an insurance motive.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Barnett, Allyson Marieabarnett5989@gmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairRipoll, Marlaripoll@pitt.eduRIPOLL
Committee MemberEl-Hamidi, Fatmafatma@pitt.eduFATMA
Committee MemberGruver, Genegruver@pitt.eduGRUVER
Committee MemberSene, Jean-Jacquesjsene@chatham.edu
Date: 5 May 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 8 April 2011
Approval Date: 5 May 2011
Submission Date: 21 April 2011
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: University Honors College
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dakar; Domestic Workers; Remittances; Rural-Urban Migration; Seasonal Migration; Senegal
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04212011-150348/, etd-04212011-150348
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:40
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:41
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/7457

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