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Educational Policy in Tanzania from Independence to the Present: Continuity and Transformation

Weaver, Nina Elizabeth (2011) Educational Policy in Tanzania from Independence to the Present: Continuity and Transformation. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This thesis studies the changes in the formal educational policies in Tanzania from independence until the present. Since independence in 1961, the government of Tanzania has attempted several times to reform the educational system to meet their development objectives different objectives and generate desired outcomes. This thesis compares the 1967 Education for Self-Reliance policy with the most recent 1995 Education and Training Policy by taking a historical view of the role of work-oriented education in primary and secondary institutions. Using the framework developed by Wim Hoppers (1996), this study finds that work-oriented education is an important strategy for improving the relevance of the educational system in both policies. However the educational system has undergone noteworthy changes in the approach and focus of work-oriented education during this time. The most significant of these changes is a shift in emphasis from rural-oriented vocational education to technology education as the major focus of work-oriented education, demonstrated through supplementary education policies such as the 2007 Information and Communication Technology policy. This thesis maintains that the continued presence of work-oriented education has important implications for the 1995 Education and Training Policy, particularly because the current work-oriented program shares many of the same challenges that impeded the 1967 Education for Self-Reliance policy. Through historical analysis of past experiences and issues, these challenges must be recognized and addressed in order for the current policy to be successfully implemented and to achieve its work-oriented education objectives.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Weaver, Nina
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLelei, Macrina Cmacrina@pitt.eduMACRINA
Committee MemberStambach, Amy
Committee MemberWeidman, John Cweidman@pitt.eduWEIDMAN
Committee MemberJacob, William Jameswjacob@pitt.eduWJACOB
Date: 5 May 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 1 April 2011
Approval Date: 5 May 2011
Submission Date: 21 April 2011
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: David C. Frederick Honors College
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: African Education; Education for Self-Reliance; International Development Education; Tanzania
Other ID:, etd-04212011-154908
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:40
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:41


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