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A Comparison: The Islamic Revolution of 1979 and Iran's Green Movement of 2009

Name Withheld, Name Withheld (2011) A Comparison: The Islamic Revolution of 1979 and Iran's Green Movement of 2009. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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In the summer of 2009 thousands of voices combined as Iranians, young and old, cried out in reaction to the presidential election from their rooftops—"Marg Bar Dictator" (death to the dictator) and "Allahu Akbar" (God is great). In the weeks following President Ahmadinejad‟s "victory", voices from the rooftops of Tehran and other major Iranian cities reverberated with revolutionary phrases that had not been heard in almost thirty years. This widespread civil disobedience, along with the daily demonstrations taking place on the street, signaled the Iranian people‟s challenge of the Islamic government.But after months of mass protests, why was there no political change after the 2009 Iranian presidential election? Why did the demonstrations that had up to 3 million protestors stop while in 1979 similar dissent developed into a revolutionary movement? These questions will be addressed by comparing four significant variables common to both the 1979 Revolution and the 2009 Green Movement; international pressure, internal pressure, strength of opposition, and governmental tactics used against the opposition. The analysis of these variables will illuminate the similarities and differences between 1979 and 2009 and examine under what conditions a political opposition movement could be successful in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The simple fact that Iranians were yelling from the rooftops like they did 30 years ago against the Shah, demonstrates they have not forgotten about the Islamic Revolution of 1979. And they have certainly not forgotten about the outcome—the capture of the political movement, which began as a democratic process, by Islamic extremists. The Iranian people eager to rid themselves of an autocratic government, but realize true regime change takes time. Iranians today have learned the lessons of the 1979 Revolution.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Name Withheld, Name Withheldkmm131@pitt.eduKMM131
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairHarris, Jonathanjonharri@pitt.eduJONHARRI
Committee MemberDonno, Danieladonno@pitt.eduDONNO
Committee MemberLinden, Ronaldlinden@pitt.eduLINDEN
Date: 15 June 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 8 April 2011
Approval Date: 15 June 2011
Submission Date: 21 April 2011
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: David C. Frederick Honors College
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Elections in Iran; Green Movement; Iran; Iran Comparison; Islamic Revolution; Mossadegh
Other ID:, etd-04212011-191333
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:40
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:41


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