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The relationship between implicit and explicit second-language processing: The role of cross-language similarity.

Tolentino, Leida Curado (2008) The relationship between implicit and explicit second-language processing: The role of cross-language similarity. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The present study investigated the relationship between implicit and explicit second-language (L2) processing in beginning L2 learners, and how cross-language similarity influences this relationship. The brain activity of native English speakers was recorded as they performed grammaticality judgments on Spanish sentences. The three types of agreement violations used were similar in the two languages ("Similar" type), different in the two ("Different" type), and unique to L2 ("Unique" type). After a baseline assessment, we improved participants' accuracy and then retested them on new and repeated items. Results showed that the explicit increase in accuracy was accompanied by a significant increase in brain sensitivity, as measured by the P600 ERP component. This effect was most pronounced for the Similar and Different types. Additionally, grammatical sensitivity was greater for repeated items in both measures of processing, and this was also modulated by cross-language similarity as well as the specific type of repetition. The obtained results are in line with an interface position on the relationship between implicit and explicit L2 processing and suggest a strong modulatory role of cross-language similarity in both types of processing.Keywords: Implicit/Explicit Processing; Second Language Processing; Cross-Language Similarity; ERPs; P600.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Tolentino, Leida Curadolct5@pitt.eduLCT5
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTokowicz, Natashatokowicz@pitt.eduTOKOWICZ
Committee MemberFiez, Juliefiez@pitt.eduFIEZ
Committee MemberWarren, Tessatessa@pitt.eduTESSA
Date: 5 June 2008
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 14 April 2008
Approval Date: 5 June 2008
Submission Date: 22 April 2008
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: L2; online/offline L2 processig; topographic maps
Other ID:, etd-04222008-002715
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:40
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:41


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