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Individual Differences of How Attention is Allocated During Reading

Orban, Sarah A. (2010) Individual Differences of How Attention is Allocated During Reading. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The current study replicates a previous finding of how attention is allocated during reading and was expanded upon by controlling for individual differences between participants. An eye-tracking experiment was performed to determine how attention is allocated during reading, while individual differences between participants were recorded by measuring working memory capacity. In four tasks that increased in depth of processing, participants were instructed to correctly identify whether or not a target was presented in a series of 1-4 words. Results indicate a relationship between reaction time and working memory score in all but one task. This suggests that high-span individuals use parallel processing when detecting symbols or orthographic features, but use serial processing during tasks that require full semantic processing.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Orban, Sarah A.saorban20@gmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairReichle, Erikreichle@pitt.eduREICHLE
Committee MemberTokowicz, Natashatokowicz@pitt.eduTOKOWICZ
Committee MemberLaurent, Patryklaurent@jhu.edu
Committee MemberWarren, Tessatessa@pitt.eduTESSA
Date: 14 May 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 14 April 2010
Approval Date: 14 May 2010
Submission Date: 22 April 2010
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
University Honors College
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: eye-movements; reading attention; reading span
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04222010-113628/, etd-04222010-113628
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:41
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:41
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/7518

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