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Religious Internationalism: the Ethics of War and Peace in the Thought of Paul Tillich

Weaver, Matthew Lon (2006) Religious Internationalism: the Ethics of War and Peace in the Thought of Paul Tillich. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The purpose of this study is to assemble and assess the ethics of war and peace in the writings of Paul Tillich. It proceeds chronologically, sketching the evolution of Tillich's thought from the period of his World War One chaplaincy in the German Imperial Army through the time of the Cold War, when he was one of the most prominent Protestant theologians in the United States.The material for this study includes two hundred seventy-five primary sources and nearly two hundred secondary sources. Tillich's corpus ranges from lectures and occasional articles to theological treatises, from political and social theory to sermons and radio addresses, from systematic theology to philosophy of history.Chapter one analyzes Tillich's theological roots and his chaplaincy sermons as the starting point for his thoughts on power, nation, and nationalism. Chapter two examines his post war turn to socialist thought and his participation in religious socialism, fueling his cultural analyses and culminating in his forced emigration under Hitler. Chapter three probes the transitional, American inter war period of Tillich's work, giving special attention to his self-described boundary perspective as well as the one treatise he wrote on religion and international affairs. Chapter four is devoted to his Voice of America speeches, written and broadcasted into his former homeland during World War Two. Chapter five covers the same Second World War period, giving special attention to Tillich's message to his English-speaking audience and emphasizing social and world reconstruction.Chapter six turns to the Cold War period and Tillich's apparently lessening interest in political and social theory and interpretation of history, but his simultaneous commitment to paths toward personhood in a internationally bipolar world.The concluding seventh chapter assembles Tillich's ethics of war and peace as an ethic of religious internationalism. It assesses the ethic, offering suggestions for adjustments intended to give it more universal significance. The study concludes that Tillich's thought has provocative contributions to make to current debates regarding civilizational conflict, economics and international justice, trade and globalization, the defense of unprotected minorities, and immigration policy.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Weaver, Matthew
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairStone, Ronald
Committee MemberOrbach, Alexanderorbach@pitt.eduORBACH
Committee MemberPeters, B Guybgpeters@pitt.eduBGPETERS
Committee MemberWilson, John
Date: 21 June 2006
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 13 March 2006
Approval Date: 21 June 2006
Submission Date: 23 April 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Religion (Cooperative Program in the study of)
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: anxiety; Bible and Marx; Bible and Marxism; Bible and socialism; boundary; boundary crosser; boundary position; boundary theologian; capitalism; chaplain; Christianity and Marxism; Christianity and socialism; Christianity and society; church and state; courage; creative; creative freedom; creativity; cultural disintegration; culture; demonic; estrangement; ethical theory; ethics; existence; existential; existentialism; existentialist; fatherland; freedom; freedom and politics; guilt; history; history and kingdom of God; history of religion; holy; holy and profane; human essence; human existence; ideology; idolatry; international organization; international relations; Jewish people; Jews; Jews as people of time; justice; kairos; love; love power justice; Luther; MacLennan; Marxism; meaning giving substance; moral act; morality; patriotism; people of space; people of time; philosophy of history; politics; politics and religion; politics and theology; power; profane; proletariat; propaganda; Protestantism; Protestantism and proletariat; Protestantism and the state; reconciliation; resistance; sacred; sacred and secular; Schelling; secular; socialism; soldiers; space; Sturm; The Religious Situation; The Socialist Decision; theology and politics; theology of culture; time; time and space; utopia; vacuum; weakness; world; world community; world politics
Other ID:, etd-04232006-204532
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:41
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:42


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