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Surveying Public Opinion in Transitional China: An Examination of Survey Response

Ren, Liying (2009) Surveying Public Opinion in Transitional China: An Examination of Survey Response. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    This study investigates the usefulness of public opinion survey in China for political research. Using data from the World Values Survey and from several Chinese public opinion surveys, my central inquiry consists of three separate but interrelated issues: are public opinion survey data from China truthful, meaningful, and comparable? I frame these questions in a comparative perspective and in the transitional contexts of China. By examining the issues of item-nonresponse, norm-seeking response, and cross-national comparability, I show that the validity of survey response in Chinese opinion surveys is mainly influenced by the respondents' cognitive ability, political interest, media exposure, and cultural difference. Political control is present in the form of response effect and information control, but it should not be a serious concern about the use of Chinese survey data.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmail
    Committee ChairTang, Wenfangtang@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberBarker, David Cdavibarker@gmail.com
    Committee MemberHarris, Jonathanjonharri@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberRawski, Thomastgrawski@pitt.edu
    Title: Surveying Public Opinion in Transitional China: An Examination of Survey Response
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: This study investigates the usefulness of public opinion survey in China for political research. Using data from the World Values Survey and from several Chinese public opinion surveys, my central inquiry consists of three separate but interrelated issues: are public opinion survey data from China truthful, meaningful, and comparable? I frame these questions in a comparative perspective and in the transitional contexts of China. By examining the issues of item-nonresponse, norm-seeking response, and cross-national comparability, I show that the validity of survey response in Chinese opinion surveys is mainly influenced by the respondents' cognitive ability, political interest, media exposure, and cultural difference. Political control is present in the form of response effect and information control, but it should not be a serious concern about the use of Chinese survey data.
    Date: 24 June 2009
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 16 April 2009
    Approval Date: 24 June 2009
    Submission Date: 23 April 2009
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
    URN: etd-04232009-143429
    Uncontrolled Keywords: China; public opinion; survey research; survey response
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Political Science
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:41
    Last Modified: 30 May 2012 15:50
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04232009-143429/, etd-04232009-143429

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