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Dyadic Synchrony and The Development of Boys' Conduct Problems in Early Childhood.

Skuban, Emily Moye (2006) Dyadic Synchrony and The Development of Boys' Conduct Problems in Early Childhood. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Dyadic synchrony has been broadly conceptualized as the quality of the parent-child dyadic relationship from infancy to the school-age period. It has been theorized as a molar construct that captures features of parent-child interaction that are beyond individual attributes. A sample of 120 mother-son dyads from a high-risk, low-income sample were observed at age two years during a series of interactions and coded for their dyadic synchrony. It was hypothesized that characteristics of the child, maternal psychological resources and aspects of parenting would be associated with synchrony. It was also hypothesized that synchrony would be associated with concurrent externalizing symptoms and externalizing symptoms at a 1-year follow-up. Results of a series of bivariate correlations found that synchrony was associated with mother, child and parenting attributes. However, results of a series of hierarchical regression analyses found that synchrony was not associated with concurrent or later externalizing symptoms. While synchrony did not moderate the association between most child characteristics and maternal attributes, synchrony was found to moderate the relationship between maternal depression and later externalizing symptoms. These findings suggest that synchrony is associated with multiple measures of child and maternal functioning; however, in this sample of low-income, high-risk samples where rates of synchrony are generally low and rates of externalizing problems are somewhat higher, an association between externalizing symptoms and synchrony may not be present.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Skuban, Emily Moyeems78@pitt.eduEMS78
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairShaw, Daniel Scasey@pitt.eduCASEY
Committee MemberVondra, Joan Ivondra@pitt.eduVONDRA
Committee MemberCampbell, Susan Bsbcamp@pitt.eduSBCAMP
Date: 29 June 2006
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 3 March 2005
Approval Date: 29 June 2006
Submission Date: 27 April 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: behavior problems; low-income families; parent-child relationship
Other ID:, etd-04272006-144851
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:42
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:42


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