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The Eisenhower Administration's Road to Space Militarization

Pindjak, Peter (2011) The Eisenhower Administration's Road to Space Militarization. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    The thesis examines the Eisenhower administration's decisions to use space for intelligence and military purposes. The first two chapters cover historical developments spanning the period from 1945 to 1952 as well as the first two years of the Eisenhower presidency (1953-1954). The third chapter provides a detailed analysis of U.S. space policies from 1955 to 1961. In particular, Chapter III takes a close look at the U.S. military space program as well as the prospect for space arms control. Organized chronologically, the thesis draws on publicly available documents, including declassified documents deposited at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library in Abilene, Kansas. By examining significant National Security Council (NSC) documents, including reports and meeting notes, the thesis presents an argument that since the very beginning, U.S. space policy included a provision for intelligence and military applications of satellites as a matter of national security. Throughout the Eisenhower presidency, the concept of "peaceful" use of outer space, which did not preclude satellites from having certain military applications, was never questioned at the NSC.The thesis concludes that space militarization could have hardly been avoided. While the Eisenhower administration initiated a space arms control debate in early 1957, the Soviet Union gradually tied the issue of space arms control to other military issues, including nuclear disarmament and the elimination of military bases on foreign territories, which turned out entirely unacceptable to the United States.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmailORCID
    Committee ChairGormley, Dennis
    Committee MemberMorgan, Forrest
    Committee MemberWilliams, Phil
    Committee MemberDunn, William
    Title: The Eisenhower Administration's Road to Space Militarization
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: The thesis examines the Eisenhower administration's decisions to use space for intelligence and military purposes. The first two chapters cover historical developments spanning the period from 1945 to 1952 as well as the first two years of the Eisenhower presidency (1953-1954). The third chapter provides a detailed analysis of U.S. space policies from 1955 to 1961. In particular, Chapter III takes a close look at the U.S. military space program as well as the prospect for space arms control. Organized chronologically, the thesis draws on publicly available documents, including declassified documents deposited at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library in Abilene, Kansas. By examining significant National Security Council (NSC) documents, including reports and meeting notes, the thesis presents an argument that since the very beginning, U.S. space policy included a provision for intelligence and military applications of satellites as a matter of national security. Throughout the Eisenhower presidency, the concept of "peaceful" use of outer space, which did not preclude satellites from having certain military applications, was never questioned at the NSC.The thesis concludes that space militarization could have hardly been avoided. While the Eisenhower administration initiated a space arms control debate in early 1957, the Soviet Union gradually tied the issue of space arms control to other military issues, including nuclear disarmament and the elimination of military bases on foreign territories, which turned out entirely unacceptable to the United States.
    Date: 28 June 2011
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 14 April 2011
    Approval Date: 28 June 2011
    Submission Date: 27 April 2011
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: MPA - Master of Public Administration
    URN: etd-04272011-103619
    Uncontrolled Keywords: GRAB; intelligence; reconnaissance; space; space militarization; WS-117L; COPUOS; Eisenhower
    Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public and International Affairs > Public and International Affairs
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:42
    Last Modified: 05 Jun 2012 14:49
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04272011-103619/, etd-04272011-103619

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