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Characteristics of Childhood Experiences in Women with Remitted Major Depression

Lenze, Shannon Nicole (2003) Characteristics of Childhood Experiences in Women with Remitted Major Depression. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Research into the relationships between psychiatric disorders and childhood adversities (e.g. neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse) has been limited by the use of self-report assessments, which may provide incomplete or biased information. The Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA; Bifulco, Brown, & Harris, 1994) is a rigorous semi-structured interview, but is limited in utility because of its length. The goal of this project was to more efficiently classify detailed reports of childhood events gathered from the CECA. An exploratory factor analysis was performed using a sample of women (N=142) with remitted, recurrent major depression. One definable factor was found, Noxious Environment, which accounted for a large proportion of the variance in the CECA. This suggests that the development of a briefer CECA rating method is warranted. Additional exploratory analyses indicated that childhood experiences might be significantly influenced by the composition of the household and any caregiver transitions that occur. These findings suggest the CECA can be condensed, making it less time-consuming and burdensome to score and thus more widely usable in research settings. Additionally, these findings reinforce the advantages of using the CECA over self-report measures of adverse experiences by allowing for changes in ratings over time and accounting for changes in household composition.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Lenze, Shannon
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFrank, Ellenfranke@msx.upmc.eduELFRANK
Committee MemberShaw, Daniel Scasey@pitt.eduCASEY
Committee MemberPogue-Geile, Michael Fmfpg@pitt.eduMFPG
Date: 25 September 2003
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 26 November 2002
Approval Date: 25 September 2003
Submission Date: 30 April 2003
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: early adversity; neglect; physical abuse; psychological abuse; unipolar depression
Other ID:, etd-04302003-160542
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:43
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:35


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