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The Development of Pure vs. Co-Occurring Externalizing and Internalizing Symptomatology in Children

Oland, Alyssa Ann (2006) The Development of Pure vs. Co-Occurring Externalizing and Internalizing Symptomatology in Children. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    The overarching goal of the present study was to test the validity of a model that proposes why some children are likely to not develop co-occurring problem behavior. Specifically, it was hypothesized that high and persistent levels of specific subtypes of internalizing (i.e., social anxiety, inhibition, and withdrawal) or externalizing symptomatology (impulsivity/hyperactivity, aggression, and anger reactivity) during middle childhood would prevent the development of co-occurring disorders during early adolescence. These issues were examined among a sample of 260 low-income boys followed from age five to twelve. Overall, the results failed to support the proposed model, that high and persistent levels of narrow-band constellations of internalizing and externalizing symptoms would prevent the development of a co-occurring disorder. Instead, the results were consistent with three prevailing theories of co-occurring disorders: 1) shared risk factors; 2) general, non-specific expression of psychopathology; and 3) heightened maladjustment.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmail
    Committee ChairShaw, Danielcasey@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberNagin, Dandn03@andrew.cmu.edu
    Committee MemberPogue-Geile, Michaelmfpg@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberDahl, RonDahlRE@upmc.edu
    Committee MemberCampbell, Suesbcamp@pitt.edu
    Title: The Development of Pure vs. Co-Occurring Externalizing and Internalizing Symptomatology in Children
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: The overarching goal of the present study was to test the validity of a model that proposes why some children are likely to not develop co-occurring problem behavior. Specifically, it was hypothesized that high and persistent levels of specific subtypes of internalizing (i.e., social anxiety, inhibition, and withdrawal) or externalizing symptomatology (impulsivity/hyperactivity, aggression, and anger reactivity) during middle childhood would prevent the development of co-occurring disorders during early adolescence. These issues were examined among a sample of 260 low-income boys followed from age five to twelve. Overall, the results failed to support the proposed model, that high and persistent levels of narrow-band constellations of internalizing and externalizing symptoms would prevent the development of a co-occurring disorder. Instead, the results were consistent with three prevailing theories of co-occurring disorders: 1) shared risk factors; 2) general, non-specific expression of psychopathology; and 3) heightened maladjustment.
    Date: 29 September 2006
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 15 March 2005
    Approval Date: 29 September 2006
    Submission Date: 01 May 2005
    Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
    URN: etd-05012005-162529
    Uncontrolled Keywords: children; co-occurrence; externalizing; internalizing; preadolescents
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:43
    Last Modified: 06 Jun 2012 09:35
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-05012005-162529/, etd-05012005-162529

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