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Effects of Alcohol in Social Context: A multivariate, sequential analysis

Kirchner, Thomas Robert (2004) Effects of Alcohol in Social Context: A multivariate, sequential analysis. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Social factors heavily influence the initiation and maintenance of alcohol use and misuse, but researchers seldom study the acute effects of alcohol in social context. This is due in part to difficulty capturing the effects of alcohol on social behavior in a controlled, laboratory setting. The primary aim of the present research was to use systematic observation techniques to measure the effects of alcohol on behavioral responses during an initial group interaction. Fifty-four male social drinkers were assembled into three-person groups, and all members of each group were administered either a moderate dose of alcohol (0.82 g/kg) or an alcohol placebo to be consumed over 30 minutes. This "free drink" period was audio and video recorded, and the duration and sequence of selected smiling and speech behaviors were systematically coded from the videotape. Participants then completed self-report measures of affect and perceived social bonding. Results indicate that although alcohol consumption did not increase the overall amount of participants' behavioral responses, consumption did increase group-level coordination of smiling and speech behaviors over time. Following the free drink, participants did not report improved mood, and self-reported social bonding did not differ between groups. Potential applications of this laboratory-based paradigm for measurement of the acute effects of alcohol are discussed.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Kirchner, Thomas Robertthk10@pitt.eduTHK10
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSayette, Michael Asayette@pitt.eduSAYETTE
Committee MemberCohn, Jeffrey
Committee MemberLevine, John
Committee MemberMoreland, Richard
Date: 29 June 2004
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 7 April 2004
Approval Date: 29 June 2004
Submission Date: 3 May 2004
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Faculty of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol administration; observational methods; social integration
Other ID:, etd-05032004-121808
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:43
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:43


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