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Evaluation of Renewable Energy Policies: The Determinants of Wind Power Adoption Under a Quota Obligation

Ratnikova, Deanna (2010) Evaluation of Renewable Energy Policies: The Determinants of Wind Power Adoption Under a Quota Obligation. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Global energy use has expanded at unprecedented rates to keep up with the demands of growing economies and populations. Issues such as climate change mitigation, sustainable development, and energy security have complicated energy expansion, and countries worldwide are reevaluating their current sources of energy, where it comes from, and how much of it they utilize. Renewable energy (RE) technologies have emerged as the answer for many countries' energy problems satisfying the need for cleaner technology while still expanding energy supplies as a tool for further economic development. These new technologies, however, face significant market barriers that impede the uptake of new RE technologies and necessitate government intervention.The research in the paper analyzes the impact of the quota obligation policy, more commonly called the renewable portfolio standard (RPS) in the United States (US), on the adoption of wind power. The first analysis in the paper observes past regulatory policies and applies what is learned from their implementation to the RPS. The manner in which electric utilities responded is also examined to determine how the utilities may respond to further regulatory mandates such as a federal RPS. The second analysis utilizes data from the 35 states with an RPS in estimating a structural model of wind power development which accounts for particular characteristics of the RPS target and other drivers of wind power development such as state economic and population factors. This research shows that several other factors play a key role in increasing wind capacity within US states in addition to the RPS. These factors include a state's wind energy potential, state GDP, and state population change. Additionally, it was found that there is a momentum effect associated with time since RPS adoption and that increases in wind energy prices do not negatively affect development in states with an RPS.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairStaniland, Martinmstan@pitt.eduMSTAN
Committee MemberMendeloff, Johnjmen@pitt.eduJMEN
Committee MemberThemudo, Nunothemudo@pitt.eduTHEMUDO
Date: 29 June 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 13 November 2009
Approval Date: 29 June 2010
Submission Date: 25 May 2010
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public and International Affairs > Public and International Affairs
Degree: MPIA - Master of Public and International Affairs
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental mandates; OLS regression
Other ID:, etd-05252010-115936
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:45
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:43


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