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ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES PUBLISHED IN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH JOURNALS

Singleton, Karen Anderson (2008) ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES PUBLISHED IN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH JOURNALS. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Occupational epidemiology plays an important role in public health by describing and analyzing environmental and occupational hazards affecting workers, and sometimes the general public. Since the results of occupational epidemiology serve as the background for public policy making as well as individual worker and employer decisions, the accuracy of these studies is quite important. No previous studies have attempted to describe the occupational epidemiology literature. METHODS: This study examines author affiliation, funding source, outcome, and topic in two major occupational health journals published in the United States in order to describe the literature over the past three decades and to find associations between the stated variables. RESULTS: Associations between U.S. industry funded or U.S. industry authored studies and outcome were observed, with an increase in negative outcome (pro-industry) studies as compared to U.S. federally funded or U.S. university authored studies. An overall increase in international sponsoring and performance of occupational epidemiology has also been observed over the past three decades. CONCLUSIONS: The published occupational epidemiology literature in two U.S. journals demonstrated associations between funding source and outcome as well as author affiliation and outcome. Further research is recommended to follow up on the findings of this study.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Singleton, Karen Andersonkaren.singleton@gmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSchwerha, Joseph Jschwer@pitt.eduSCHWER
Committee MemberMarsh, Gary Mgmarsh@pitt.eduGMARSH
Committee MemberMendeloff, Johnjmen@pitt.eduJMEN
Date: 28 September 2008
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 29 May 2008
Approval Date: 28 September 2008
Submission Date: 13 June 2008
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Occupational Medicine
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: epidemiology; industry bias; occupational epidemiology; occupational health journals
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-06132008-105604/, etd-06132008-105604
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:47
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:44
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/8094

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