Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Bose-Einstein Condensation of Microcavity Polaritons

Balili, Ryan Barrido (2009) Bose-Einstein Condensation of Microcavity Polaritons. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Primary Text

Download (9MB) | Preview


The strong coupling of light and excitons in a two-dimensional semiconductor microcavity results in a new eigenstate of quasiparticles called polaritons. Microcavity polaritons have generated much interest due to the wealth of interesting optical phenomena recently observed in these systems such as nonlinear emission, macroscopic coherence, and bosonic stimulated scattering. The efficiency of amplification, parametric oscillation, and coherent emission of light makes it promising for applications in coherent control, microscopic optical switching, and other opto-electronic devices. Most of all, because of their light mass and bosonic character, these particles are predicted to undergo Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) at much higher temperatures and lower densities than their atomic counterparts.Standard methods of growing semiconductor microcavities are quite inefficient in producing well-tuned samples with strong coupling of light and excitons. Wafers with continuously varying thicknesses are often produced, leaving only tiny regions with strong coupling. In our experiments, an inhomogeneous stress is applied to the microcavity in order to actively couple naturally detuned exciton and cavity modes at fixed $k_{||} = 0$, and at the same time, create an in-plane spatial trap, potentially making BEC of polaritons possible.Our recent experiments with exciton-polaritons in the stress trap have shown compelling evidence of BEC. At the bottom of the trap where the coupling is strongest, line narrowing and nonlinear increase of photoluminescence intensity are observed. Also a single, spatially narrow condensate of polariton gas is formed analogous to the case of atoms in a three-dimensional harmonic potential. Above a critical density, we observe a massive occupation of polaritons in the ground state, spontaneous build-up of linear polarization, and macroscopic coherence of the condensate all in agreement with predictions. The results are similar to what is observed in the naturally resonant unstressed case. Comparison with the stressed trap and the nonstressed case, however, revealed that stress traps play a significant contribution in forming a polariton condensate. Furthermore, the stress trap case has shown, where the unstressed case has not, two distinct thresholds, one from photon lasing and another from a BEC transition.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Balili, Ryan, ryanbalili@yahoo.comRBB7
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSnoke, David W.snoke@pitt.eduSNOKE
Committee MemberPetek, Hrvojepetek@pitt.eduPETEK
Committee MemberChen, P. Kevinpec9@pitt.eduPEC9
Committee MemberCoalson, Robertrob@mercury.chem.pitt.eduROBC
Committee MemberLiu, W. Vincentwvliu@pitt.eduWVLIU
Date: 30 September 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 11 June 2009
Approval Date: 30 September 2009
Submission Date: 17 June 2009
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Physics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: condensation; microcavities; polariton BEC; polaritons; semiconductor; stress; trapped
Other ID:, etd-06172009-150744
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:47
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:44


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item