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Improved sampling in Monte Carlo simulations of small clusters

Liu, Hanbin (2005) Improved sampling in Monte Carlo simulations of small clusters. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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In this thesis, improved sampling algorithms are applied to atomic and molecular clusters. The parallel-tempering Monte Carlo procedure is used to characterize the (CO2)n, n = 6, 8, 13, 19, and 38, clusters. The heat capacity curves of the n = 13 and 19 clusters are found to have pronounced peaks that can be associated with cluster melting. In addition, there is evidence of a low temperature "solid -> solid" transition in the case of (CO2)19. The low-energy minima and rearrangement pathways are determined and used to examine the complexity of the potential energy surfaces of the clusters. An algorithm combining the Tsallis generalized ensemble and the parallel tempering algorithm is introduced and applied to a 1D model potential and to Ar38. The convergence of parallel tempering Monte Carlo simulations of the 38-atom Lennard-Jones cluster starting from the Oh global minimum and from the C5v second lowest-energy minimum is also investigated. It is found that achieving convergence is appreciably more difficult, particularly at temperatures in the vicinity of the Oh -> C5v transformation, when starting from the C5v structure. Compared to PTMC, the hybrid algorithm is about 10 times faster for reaching equilibrium in the 1D model potential and is about 3 times faster for reaching equilibrium in the LJ38 system when starting from the second lowest energy minimum. The Wang-Landau free random walk algorithm is also applied to Ar13 and Ar38.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairJordan, Kenneth Djordan@pitt.eduJORDAN
Committee MemberPratt, David Wpratt@pitt.eduPRATT
Committee MemberMadura, Jeffery
Committee MemberCoalson, Rob Drob@ringo.chem.pitt.eduCOALSON
Date: 5 October 2005
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 5 July 2005
Approval Date: 5 October 2005
Submission Date: 7 July 2005
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Chemistry
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: CO2 cluster; LJ38 cluster; parallel tempering Monte Carlo; parallel tempering Tsallis statistics; Wang-Laudua algorithm
Other ID:, etd-07072005-093427
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:50
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:45


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