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Characterization of a Novel Sorbent Polymer for The Treatment Of Sepsis

Valenti, Isabella Elfriede (2010) Characterization of a Novel Sorbent Polymer for The Treatment Of Sepsis. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Severe sepsis is defined as a systemic inflammation leading to organ failure and is characterized by the release of pro- and anti-inflammatory markers called cytokines. Current clinical techniques used to treat sepsis such as early goal-directed therapy, specific target drug therapies, and hemofiltration have had limited success and inconsistent outcomes. A newly investigated therapy, hemoadsorption, has proven to be nonselective and therefore broad-spectrum (i.e. restores homeostasis to the system as a whole); more efficient and cost-effective than affinity based removal; and is auto-regulating in that solutes at higher concentrations are removed more rapidly than those at lower, safer concentrations. The goal of this thesis was to characterize and compare adsorption profiles of several cytokines in our cytokine adsorption device (CAD) for use in the treatment of sepsis. To do this, we first characterized capture of our three main cytokines of interest in the original lot of CytoSorb resin for buffer and serum. This polymer is a highly porous polymer manufactured by Cytosorbents, Inc. (Monmouth Junction, NJ) and consists of a polystyrene divinylbenzene (PSDVB) copolymer covered in a biocompatible polyvinylpyrrolidone coating. We then detailed changes in adsorption profiles over a manufacturer's lot change and re-established our baseline capture rates with the main cytokines of interest as well as a secondary group of cytokines in both buffer and serum. Further investigation into a lot of smaller diameter polymer followed and a re-design of our CAD ensued. Finally, we tested the polymer in three distinct red blood cell suspensions in order to methodically increase the degree of complexity of the capture suspension. With the information included in this thesis, further optimization and development to our CAD and the polymer will be done. Additionally, the characterization of the resin is crucial for our in-house mathematical model as well as the development and calibration of a systems model of sepsis. This model will be used to simulate the development and progression of sepsis in humans and the integration of a therapeutic CAD intervention protocol into the timecourse of sepsis to improve patient outcomes.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Valenti, Isabella Elfriedeiwv5001@gmail.comiwv5001@gmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFederspiel, Williamfederspielwj@upmc.edufederspielwj@upmc.edu
Committee MemberKellum, Johnkellumja@ccm.upmc.edukellumja@ccm.upmc.edu
Committee MemberWagner, Williamwagnerwr@upmc.eduwagnerwr@upmc.edu
Date: 30 September 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 29 June 2010
Approval Date: 30 September 2010
Submission Date: 22 July 2010
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: MSBeng - Master of Science in Bioengineering
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cytokine; Hemoadsorption; Sepsis
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-07222010-191334/, etd-07222010-191334
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:53
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2012 18:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/8528

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