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Comparison of prognostic markers for censored outcomes: application in the NSABP B-14 study

Yan, Peng (2011) Comparison of prognostic markers for censored outcomes: application in the NSABP B-14 study. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Prognostic markers for risk of recurrence or mortality are becoming very popular and important in the decision making process of cancer patients and their physicians. Those with good prognostics can avoid unnecessary chemotherapies and the resulted agony. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves are often used to assess and compare prognostic markers for binary outcomes. However, they cannot be directly used in assessing prognostic markers for time-to-event outcomes, which are usually subject to censoring. Recently several statistical methods such as the C¨Cindex, time-dependent ROC curve and the predictiveness curve have been developed for this purpose. In early stage estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer, the 21-gene panel Oncotype DX assay and the Adjuvant!, based on age, tumor size and grade and other clinical variables, are widely used tools for patient prognosis and provide guidance in decision making. The recurrence score (RS) from the Oncotype DX assay and a risk index (RI) summarized from Adjuvant! both provide quantitative evaluation of recurrence risk. Here we applied those recently developed statistical methods to compare the prognostic utility of RS and RI in ER+, node-negative (N0), and tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients enrolled on the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) B-14 trial. We showed that the RS was a stronger prognostic marker than RI, and combining RS with clinical variables also improved the prognostic utility in the NSABP B-14 trial. The results will help to improve treatment decision for breast cancer patients in public health practice.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Yan, Pengyanpeng99@hotmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTang, Gongtang@nsabp.pitt.eduGOT1
Committee MemberRen, Dianxudir8@pitt.eduDIR8
Committee MemberKong, Lanlkong@pitt.eduLKONG
Date: 23 September 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 20 July 2011
Approval Date: 23 September 2011
Submission Date: 25 July 2011
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Biostatistics
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: concordant; sensitivity; specificity
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-07252011-195444/, etd-07252011-195444
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:53
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:46
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/8606

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