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The Functionalization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Biomolecules to Target Professional Phagocytes and Promote Biodegradation

Konduru, Nagarjun Venkata (2010) The Functionalization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Biomolecules to Target Professional Phagocytes and Promote Biodegradation. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Aggressive penetration of nanomaterials in different spheres of our life - from novel technologies to a plethora of consumer products, raises concerns about their possible adverse effects on public health. Several studies report that nanotubes cause lung toxicity. With increase in day-to-day applications of carbon nanotubes, particulate exposure either under occupational or environmental settings is inevitable. In the classic inflammatory response to nanotubes, emigration of neutrophils (PMNs) followed by macrophages into sites of particle deposition has been observed. The major role of the cells is to phagocytoze and promotes particulate clearance and the clearance might be essentially dependent on effective recognition. Carbon nanotubes are not effectively recognized by professional phagocytes and delayed clearance of particles within the lung parenchyma can thus be majorly attributed to impaired phagocytosis or deficiency in components involving their effective degradation. We in our research coated nanotubes with biomolecules to promote recognition, uptake and biodegradation by professional phagocytes. Coating nanotubes with "eat-me"-phospholipid signal, phosphatidylserine proved to be an effective strategy for targeting particles to professional phagocytes, specifically macrophages both in vitro and in vivo. However, opsonization of nanotubes made them competent for both macrophages and neutrophils. This targeting also enhanced the biodegradation in neutrophils and to a lesser extent in macrophages via action of myeloperoxidase and its potent oxidants whose critical role in biodegradation was delineated in cell free based in vitro studies. Further, in vivo experiments using wild type and myeloperoxidase null mice showed a significantly lower degree of biodegradation and particle elimination in latter animal type, underscoring the role of neutrophil peroxidase in biodegrading carbon nanotubes. Using contemporary techniques- confocal, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, Vis-NIR and Raman spectroscopy, we evaluated the hypothesis. Taken together, the results from the doctoral work suggest that targeting of nanotubes to professional phagocytes can be achieved by coating with certain biomolecules and this targeting can reduce the biopersistence and inflammation associated due to the presence of otherwise relatively biodurable nanotubes in biological ambience. The dissertation also foresees functionalization of nanotubes as a strategy to combat potential toxic effects of nanotubes which pose potential risk to the public health.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Konduru, Nagarjun Venkatakvnagarjuna@gmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairKagan, Valerian Ekagan@pitt.eduKAGAN
Committee MemberStar, Alexanderastar@pitt.eduASTAR
Committee MemberBayir, Hulyahub22@pitt.eduHUB22
Committee MemberFabisiak, Jamesfabs@pitt.eduFABS
Date: 27 September 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 2 July 2010
Approval Date: 27 September 2010
Submission Date: 26 July 2010
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Environmental and Occupational Health
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodegradation; Carbon Nanotubes; CNT Lung Toxicity; Myeloperoxidase; Nanotechnology; Nanotoxicology
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-07262010-063543/, etd-07262010-063543
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:54
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:47
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/8623

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