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Project SWAG(Students Who Accept Greatness): A Proposal for an After-School Program

Ferrainolo, Teresa Ann (2011) Project SWAG(Students Who Accept Greatness): A Proposal for an After-School Program. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Background: High school dropouts are a public health concern, due to the short-term and long-term effects they can have on themselves, communities, and taxpayers. Many repercussions result from dropping out of high school, such as inadequate education, higher crime rates, and higher tax dollars spent on high school dropouts. Not having a high school diploma can lead to poorer quality of life, limited access to employment, lower income levels, and inadequate or no health care insurance. Objective: The goal of this thesis is to propose an after-school program that can be implemented by the New Castle Area School District to intervene with high school dropouts with an early intervention. The design is targeted for students in grades four through six. This proposal incorporates three health program planning frameworks: the Social-Ecological Model, the Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, and Track (MAP-IT) framework, and the Community Tool Box framework. It also includes constructs from Social Cognitive Theory and input from administrators, teachers, and staff at George Washington Intermediate. Methods: An extensive review of the literature and interviews were conducted. In total, eight administrators, teachers, and staff at George Washington Intermediate School in New Castle Area School District provided feedback for developing the after-school program. Results: Findings from literature showed most after-school programs have an academic, academic and behavioral counseling or art focus with some recreational activities. A limited number of programs included academics, behavioral counseling, arts, and recreation. The results from the interviews showed students would benefit from an after-school program that encompassed academic support, behavioral counseling, arts, cultural enrichments and recreational activities. Conclusions: These findings helped provide recommendations for developing the after-school program. Recommendations are to provide an after-school program for high poverty areas and for students who are in grades fourth through sixth.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ferrainolo, Teresa
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTerry, Martha Annmaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberMartinson, Jeremy Jamesjmartins@pitt.eduJMARTINS
Committee MemberVoorhees, Ronald Edwardrev12@pitt.eduREV12
Committee MemberThomas, Tammy Lynntlthomas@pitt.eduTLTHOMAS
Date: 23 September 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 21 July 2011
Approval Date: 23 September 2011
Submission Date: 26 July 2011
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community Tool Box framework; Early Intervention; MAP-IT framework; Social Cognitive Theory; Social Ecological Model; After-School Program; Program Planning
Other ID:, etd-07262011-031222
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:54
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:47


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