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The Applicability and Usage of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to Address Obesity Among U.S. Women

Robinson, Keisha Tyler (2007) The Applicability and Usage of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to Address Obesity Among U.S. Women. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background: Over the past two decades, obesity among women has significantly increased, with women having the highest prevalence in the United States. Obesity prevention programs and interventions focusing on women have traditionally included individual-level approaches although obesity is a multi-level problem. The research literature has cited numerous factors that contribute to obesity—behavioral, personal, psychological, sociodemographic, environmental, biological, and childbearing. As a result, recent public health efforts have shifted away from individual approaches to those that handle multiple factors. Methods: While multiple factors have been associated with obesity among women, the degree and variability of the factors have not been determined in the literature. These three studies seek to explore the effects of the multiple factors on BMI in U.S. women using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for Obesity, developed by the World Health Organization and data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Linear regression was used in the analyses. Results: Significant factors of obesity were sociodemographic information (age, income, and race), body weight perceptions, coexisting health conditions, physical functioning, and engaging in physical activity and proper nutritional practices.Conclusions: Obesity prevention and treatment programs for U.S. women should focus on the most significant factors identified in these studies to decrease obesity incidence and prevalence.Public Health Relevance: The information garnered from this study can be used to further identify the most important characteristics needed for future obesity prevention programs for women.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Robinson, Keisha Tylerkeishat@gmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairButler, Jamesjbutler9@pitt.eduJBUTLER9
Committee MemberTrauth, Jeanette Mtrauth@pitt.eduTRAUTH
Committee MemberWilson, John Wwilson@nsabp.pitt.eduJWW
Committee MemberFernstrom, Madelyn Hfernstrommh@upmc.edu
Committee MemberGoodman, Robert Mbobgoodm@indiana.edu
Date: 27 September 2007
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 16 July 2007
Approval Date: 27 September 2007
Submission Date: 29 July 2007
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: DrPH - Doctor of Public Health
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: ICF; NHANES; Obesity among U.S. women; Obesity causal factors
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-07292007-162947/, etd-07292007-162947
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:54
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:47
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/8704

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