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High Temperature Oxidation of Mo-Si-B Base Alloys

Helmick, David Andrew (2003) High Temperature Oxidation of Mo-Si-B Base Alloys. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Molybdenum base alloys with the addition of small amounts of silicon (2 - 4.5 wt%) and boron (~1 wt%) can form a passivating layer protecting the alloy from further rapid oxidation. When such molybdenum base alloys are exposed to oxidizing environments at high temperatures, a borosilicate glass layer can form that will reduce the transport of oxygen to the alloy for further oxidation. Oxidation is then controlled by the diffusion through the borosilicate glass layer. The focus of this research was to study the mechanisms, thermodynamics and kinetics of Mo-Si-B base alloy high temperature oxidation. The base alloy has a composition of Mo-3Si-1B (wt%) and was studied in a variety of gas environments as well as a range of temperatures in order to elucidate the critical factors that allow it to develop a protective borosilicate glass layer. The borosilicate glass layer is protective when no continuous channels exist in the layer extending from the gas interface to the alloy interface. The borosilicate layer that develops is believed to contain channels at early stages and the elimination of the channels is obtained by appropriate control of the temperature and gas flow conditions whereby MoO3 is removed via vaporization while the borosilicate viscosity is not increased due to loss of B2O3. Once the borosilicate layer is continuous and free of channels, subsequent oxidation occurs by inward diffusion of oxygen and the outward diffusion of molybdenum through this layer with vaporization of MoO3 occurring at the gas borosilicate layer interface and the formation of MoO2 and additional borosilicate occurring at the alloy MoO2 interface.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Helmick, David Andrewdahst16@pitt.eduDAHST16
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee CoChairPettit, Frederick S
Committee CoChairMeier, Gerald H
Committee MemberNettleship, Ian
Committee MemberWiezorek, Jörg M. K
Committee MemberLovell, Michael R
Date: 3 September 2003
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 29 July 2003
Approval Date: 3 September 2003
Submission Date: 30 July 2003
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Materials Science and Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: borosilicate; development; molybdenum; oxidation; transport
Other ID:, etd-07302003-095619
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:55
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:47


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