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The Effects of Emotion-Focused versus Instrumental Rumination on the Provision of Social Support

Steers-Wentzell, Katrina L. (2003) The Effects of Emotion-Focused versus Instrumental Rumination on the Provision of Social Support. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Victims of negative events often report that they do not receive the expected and desired social support (e.g., Dunkel-Schetter, 1984). The current study investigated the impact of two types of victim rumination and gender role expectations on support provision and receipt. Using a 2 (Instrumental vs. Emotion-Focused Rumination) x 2 (Victim Gender) x 2 (Participant Gender) between-subjects factorial design, 136 undergraduate students interacted with one of four "burglary victims" for eight minutes, providing both behavioral and questionnaire data. Results suggest that instrumental ruminators receive more support than emotion-focused ruminators. Women provided more support to victims than did men. Additionally, male victims' coping was evaluated more positively than female victims' coping, regardless of rumination type.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Steers-Wentzell, Katrina L.kas48@pitt.eduKAS48
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGreenberg, Martingreenber@pitt.eduGREENBER
Committee MemberSchofield, Janetschof@pitt.eduSCHOF
Committee MemberMoreland, Richardcslewis@pitt.eduCSLEWIS
Date: 18 November 2003
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 13 June 2003
Approval Date: 18 November 2003
Submission Date: 31 July 2003
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: rumination; ruminative thought; sex differences; social support
Other ID:, etd-07312003-144158
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:55
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:47


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