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Social Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder and Bipolar Disorder: Similarities and Differences

Caponigro, Janelle M (2007) Social Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder and Bipolar Disorder: Similarities and Differences. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    Impairments in social functioning are characteristic of several severe mental illnesses. Efforts have been made to understand the nature of these social functioning deficits. However, there is still much to learn about the role of social functioning in individuals with mental illness. This study aims to investigate one aspect of social functioning --social cognitive functioning-- for each of three clinical groups of outpatients with severe mental illness [individuals with schizophrenia (N=16), bipolar disorder (N=19), and schizoaffective disorder (N=18)], as compared to that of healthy controls (N=15). Participants were evaluated on three social cognitive assessments: 1) a traditional Theory of Mind-False Belief Task (ToM), an inferential thinking task and a measure of receptive social cognition; 2) the Movie Clips Task, a social reasoning and affect understanding task that also measures receptive social cognition; and 3) The Interpersonal Block Assembly Task (IBAT), an interpersonal communication task that measures expressive social cognition. Results indicated that all three clinical groups performed significantly worse on the IBAT as compared to the healthy control group. Only one significant clinical group versus control group difference was found on the receptive social cognition tasks (the Movie Clips Task and the ToM Task): the bipolar disorder group performed worse than the healthy control group on the Movie Clips Task. Clinical group comparisons on the three tasks indicated that there were significant differences on the Movie Clip Task only, with individuals in the schizoaffective group performing better than individuals in the bipolar disorder group. These findings suggest that expressive social cognitive functioning is impaired in schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar disorder, as compared to healthy individuals; in contrast, deficits in receptive social cognition were found for the bipolar disorder group alone, suggesting that impairments in receptive social cognitive abilities may be limited and specific to individuals with bipolar disorder.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmail
    Committee ChairHaas, Gretchen Lhaasgl@upmc.edu
    Committee CoChairKucinski, Barbarakucinski@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberGoldstein, Geraldggold@nb.net
    Committee MemberPogue-Geile, Michaelmfpg@pitt.edu
    Title: Social Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder and Bipolar Disorder: Similarities and Differences
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: Impairments in social functioning are characteristic of several severe mental illnesses. Efforts have been made to understand the nature of these social functioning deficits. However, there is still much to learn about the role of social functioning in individuals with mental illness. This study aims to investigate one aspect of social functioning --social cognitive functioning-- for each of three clinical groups of outpatients with severe mental illness [individuals with schizophrenia (N=16), bipolar disorder (N=19), and schizoaffective disorder (N=18)], as compared to that of healthy controls (N=15). Participants were evaluated on three social cognitive assessments: 1) a traditional Theory of Mind-False Belief Task (ToM), an inferential thinking task and a measure of receptive social cognition; 2) the Movie Clips Task, a social reasoning and affect understanding task that also measures receptive social cognition; and 3) The Interpersonal Block Assembly Task (IBAT), an interpersonal communication task that measures expressive social cognition. Results indicated that all three clinical groups performed significantly worse on the IBAT as compared to the healthy control group. Only one significant clinical group versus control group difference was found on the receptive social cognition tasks (the Movie Clips Task and the ToM Task): the bipolar disorder group performed worse than the healthy control group on the Movie Clips Task. Clinical group comparisons on the three tasks indicated that there were significant differences on the Movie Clip Task only, with individuals in the schizoaffective group performing better than individuals in the bipolar disorder group. These findings suggest that expressive social cognitive functioning is impaired in schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar disorder, as compared to healthy individuals; in contrast, deficits in receptive social cognition were found for the bipolar disorder group alone, suggesting that impairments in receptive social cognitive abilities may be limited and specific to individuals with bipolar disorder.
    Date: 20 September 2007
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 24 July 2007
    Approval Date: 20 September 2007
    Submission Date: 02 August 2007
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
    URN: etd-08022007-155721
    Uncontrolled Keywords: bipolar disorder; schizoaffective disorder; social functioning; schizophrenia; social cognition
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
    University Honors College
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:56
    Last Modified: 11 Jun 2012 09:17
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-08022007-155721/, etd-08022007-155721

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