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Social and Economic Development of a Specialized Community in Chengue, Parque Tairona, Colombia.

Dever, Alejandro (2007) Social and Economic Development of a Specialized Community in Chengue, Parque Tairona, Colombia. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    The primary intention of this research has been to establish how the specialized Tairona community of Chengue was formed and how social inequality plays a role in socio-economic change from 200BC to 1650AD. The main questions are organized around two opposing scenarios designed to test top-down and bottom-up processes for community formation. In the top-down scenario the community would be the result of an external agent that had sufficient authority to "create" a community with the intention to extract a highly concentrated resource, marine salt. In the alternative scenario, the bottom-up process, the community would become specialized as a result of a slower process in which the changes that led to specialization are the product of decisions of the individuals who resided in Chengue and natural environmental changes. Consequently specialization would have been the role of individual agents (individuals and households) at a very small scale. Although the observed sequence had components from both scenarios, the bottom-up process appears to be the primary force in the formation of a specialized community and the production of surplus that led to social inequality.Study of soils, lagoon and coastal sediments, flora and fauna allowed the climatic reconstruction the last 2500 years. During this long span of time communal units larger than households but smaller than villages had great stability and appear to have been the motors of socio-economic change. The evidence from Chengue suggests that progressive specialization in the context of environmental limitations produced a group of people less well-off than others. Elites do not; however, appear to have had much range of political action during most of the sequence.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    Creators/Authors:
    CreatorsEmailORCID
    Dever, Alejandroald15@pitt.edu, alejandro.dever@gmail.com
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmailORCID
    Committee ChairDrennan, Robertdrennan@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberRichardson, Jamesjbr3@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberBerman, Marcbermarc@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberAbbott, Markmabott@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberDe Montmollin, Olivierolly@pitt.edu
    Title: Social and Economic Development of a Specialized Community in Chengue, Parque Tairona, Colombia.
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: The primary intention of this research has been to establish how the specialized Tairona community of Chengue was formed and how social inequality plays a role in socio-economic change from 200BC to 1650AD. The main questions are organized around two opposing scenarios designed to test top-down and bottom-up processes for community formation. In the top-down scenario the community would be the result of an external agent that had sufficient authority to "create" a community with the intention to extract a highly concentrated resource, marine salt. In the alternative scenario, the bottom-up process, the community would become specialized as a result of a slower process in which the changes that led to specialization are the product of decisions of the individuals who resided in Chengue and natural environmental changes. Consequently specialization would have been the role of individual agents (individuals and households) at a very small scale. Although the observed sequence had components from both scenarios, the bottom-up process appears to be the primary force in the formation of a specialized community and the production of surplus that led to social inequality.Study of soils, lagoon and coastal sediments, flora and fauna allowed the climatic reconstruction the last 2500 years. During this long span of time communal units larger than households but smaller than villages had great stability and appear to have been the motors of socio-economic change. The evidence from Chengue suggests that progressive specialization in the context of environmental limitations produced a group of people less well-off than others. Elites do not; however, appear to have had much range of political action during most of the sequence.
    Date: 20 September 2007
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 03 April 2007
    Approval Date: 20 September 2007
    Submission Date: 07 August 2007
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
    URN: etd-08072007-092050
    Uncontrolled Keywords: anthropological demography; archaeology; Bonda; Buritaca; chiefdoms; Cinto; climate change; coastal adaptation; coastal archaeology; coastal chiefdoms; coastal community; Concha; cultural adaptations to climate change; cultural evolution; demography of communities; ecological complexity; environmental change; Gayraca; Intermediate Area; micro verticality; microverticality; middle range societies; Nehuange; Santa Marta; sea level change; semi arid; semi arid coastal; semi-arid; social inequality; socio cultural change; socio-cultural; socio-cultural evolution; south american archaeology; Tayrona; verticality; demography; salt production; archaeology of communities
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Anthropology
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:57
    Last Modified: 12 Jun 2012 11:29
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-08072007-092050/, etd-08072007-092050

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