Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Retrieval Effects in Sentence Parsing and Interpretation

Van Dyke, Julie Ann (2002) Retrieval Effects in Sentence Parsing and Interpretation. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Primary Text

Download (1MB) | Preview


This dissertation is an investigation into the memory mechanisms that support parsing and how they constrain parsing success. Constraints can occur from two directions: the ability to store items participating in grammatical dependencies, or else the dependencies themselves, and the ability to retrieve items required for creating grammatical dependencies. A review of available evidence regarding memory constraints on parsing suggests that although attention has more often been focused on the storage constraints on parsing, the evidence is actually more consistent with a retrieval account of parsing breakdown. I present a framework for investigating retrieval effects in parsing, based on existing models of associative memory retrieval and illustrate how the work traditionally carried out by the parser can be understood as an instance of working memory retrieval. Five experiments present new evidence in support of the retrieval approach. Two of these illustrate effects of semantic interference, in which semantic properties of candidate NPs affect the ability to complete grammatical dependencies, and the remaining three illustrate effects of referential interference, in which the availability of items in the situation model affect parsing success. It is argued that storage accounts of parsing breakdown cannot account for these results, promoting the conclusion that an associative memory mechanism underlies both parsing and sentence interpretation.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Van Dyke, Julie Annjvandyke@pitt.eduJVANDYKE
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairPerfetti, Charles Aperfetti@pitt.eduPERFETTI
Committee MemberJuffs, Alanjuffs@pitt.eduJUFFS
Committee MemberReichle, Erikreichle@pitt.eduREICHLE
Committee MemberVoss, Jamesvoss@pitt.eduVOSS
Committee MemberFiez, Juliefiez@pitt.eduFIEZ
Date: 17 October 2002
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 7 August 2002
Approval Date: 17 October 2002
Submission Date: 8 August 2002
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: linguistics; parsing; psycholinguistics; sentence processing; working memory retrieval
Other ID:, etd-08082002-162405
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:58
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:48


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item