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Overreaction Behavior and Optimization Techniques in Mathematical Finance

Duran, Ahmet (2006) Overreaction Behavior and Optimization Techniques in Mathematical Finance. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    Overreactions and other behavioral effects in stock prices can best be examined by adjusting for the changes in fundamentals. We perform this by subtracting the relative price changes in the net asset value (NAV) from that of market price (MP) daily for a large set of closed-end funds trading in US markets. We examine the days before and after a significant rise or fall in price deviation and MP return and find evidence of overreaction in the days after the change. Prior to a spike in deviation we find a gradual two or three day decline (and analogously in the other direction). Overall, there is a characteristic diamond pattern, revealing symmetry in deviations before and after the significant change. Much of the statistical significance and the patterns disappear when the subtraction of NAV return is eliminated, suggesting that the frequent changes in fundamentals mask behavioral effects. A second study subdivides the data depending on whether the NAV or market price is responsible for the spike in the relative difference. In a majority of spikes, it is the change in market price rather than NAV that is dominant. Among those spikes for which there is little or no change in NAV, the results are similar to the overall study. Furthermore, the upward spikes are preceded by one or two days of declining market price while NAV rises slightly or is relatively unchanged. This suggests that a cause of the spike may be due to over-positioning of traders in the opposite direction in anticipation.We propose a mathematical model by combining an implementation of a state-of-the-art optimization algorithm, a dynamic initial parameter pool and a system of nonlinear differential equations to describe price dynamics. Given n-day period of MPs and NAVs from day i to day i+n-1, we get four optimal parameters in the Caginalp Differential Equations. Then, we solve the initial value problem to predict MP and return on day i+n or later. The results of our statistical methods in real data confirm the model. We provide out-of-sample prediction that is more successful than random walk.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    Creators/Authors:
    CreatorsEmailORCID
    Duran, Ahmetdurana@umich.edu
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmailORCID
    Committee ChairCaginalp, Gunduzcaginalp@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberSayrak, Akinakin@sayrak.com
    Committee MemberRiviere, Beatriceriviere@math.pitt.edu
    Committee MemberYotov, Ivanyotov@euler.math.pitt.edu
    Title: Overreaction Behavior and Optimization Techniques in Mathematical Finance
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: Overreactions and other behavioral effects in stock prices can best be examined by adjusting for the changes in fundamentals. We perform this by subtracting the relative price changes in the net asset value (NAV) from that of market price (MP) daily for a large set of closed-end funds trading in US markets. We examine the days before and after a significant rise or fall in price deviation and MP return and find evidence of overreaction in the days after the change. Prior to a spike in deviation we find a gradual two or three day decline (and analogously in the other direction). Overall, there is a characteristic diamond pattern, revealing symmetry in deviations before and after the significant change. Much of the statistical significance and the patterns disappear when the subtraction of NAV return is eliminated, suggesting that the frequent changes in fundamentals mask behavioral effects. A second study subdivides the data depending on whether the NAV or market price is responsible for the spike in the relative difference. In a majority of spikes, it is the change in market price rather than NAV that is dominant. Among those spikes for which there is little or no change in NAV, the results are similar to the overall study. Furthermore, the upward spikes are preceded by one or two days of declining market price while NAV rises slightly or is relatively unchanged. This suggests that a cause of the spike may be due to over-positioning of traders in the opposite direction in anticipation.We propose a mathematical model by combining an implementation of a state-of-the-art optimization algorithm, a dynamic initial parameter pool and a system of nonlinear differential equations to describe price dynamics. Given n-day period of MPs and NAVs from day i to day i+n-1, we get four optimal parameters in the Caginalp Differential Equations. Then, we solve the initial value problem to predict MP and return on day i+n or later. The results of our statistical methods in real data confirm the model. We provide out-of-sample prediction that is more successful than random walk.
    Date: 22 September 2006
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 01 August 2006
    Approval Date: 22 September 2006
    Submission Date: 08 August 2006
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
    URN: etd-08082006-003911
    Uncontrolled Keywords: algorithms; behavioral finance; bubble; computational finance; data analysis; deviation model with partition; diamond pattern; differential equations; inverse problem of parameter estimation; market dynamics; market price return prediction; mathematical finance and economics; nonlinear optimization; numerical optimization; numerical solution of differential equations; over-positioning; overreaction; price deviation; statistical methods in financial markets
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Mathematics
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:58
    Last Modified: 12 Jun 2012 13:27
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-08082006-003911/, etd-08082006-003911

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